话题作文 第一章 （一）重视英语书法， 提高卷面分数 高考英语评分标准中明确规定，―由于书写较差而影响句意表达，降低一档次给分‖，英语书法往往给人以第一印象，书法漂亮往往是加分因素，―一见钟情的分‖不能不得，因此，练好书法，提高英语规范性是提高英语书面表达成绩的重要手段之一。 一、英语书写要领 字母书写有规律，右倾五度正合适。大写一律上两格，上要顶线是原则。小写字母怎么办？请你耐心往下看：头上有―辫‖上两格(b, d, h, k, l)，有―尾‖下面两格拖(g, q, y)，无―辫‖无―尾‖中间格(a, c, e, m, n, o, r, s, u, v, w, x, z)，惟有f, j, p占三格，i, t中上一格半，养成书写好习惯，关键还要反复练。 二、英文字母手写体欣赏 话题作文1 1 当然，书法问题涉及很多方面，如笔顺错误、字型示范、斜度不一、差异悬殊、字母重叠、失基准线、左缘不齐、间距不均、标点异位等，要想练好书法，除了注意执笔、书写方式、书写工具、反复练习之外，还要培养健康的书写心理，和整洁的书写习惯。 三、英语书写训练 认真是一种态度！（Earnest is an attitude！） 班级 学号 姓名 分数 2 话题作文2 （二）生活方式（Healthy Life Styles ） 关键词语展示 Boring ，dangerous , lazy , stressful , busy , active , easy , exciting, free ,interesting , peaceful , relaxing .couch potato, workaholic, the tube , the underground，switch on /off the TV Healthy life styles, ways of living, stay up, do /take exercise, work out , be/go on a diet, keep a balanced diet , be high /low in …, get relaxed, live /lead a happy( pleasant, colourful…) life, prefer to do…rather than do…, be fond of …,be interested to do…be into…, be keen in …, be addicted to…do good/harm to ,be harmful to 一、典型用语翻译 1.忙于做..._________ 2. 生活方式_________ 3.熬夜_________ 4.有压力_________ 5.伏案工作_________ 6.占用时间__________ 3 7.做锻炼_________ 8.对...厌烦__________ 9.抱怨__________ 10.回邮件_________ 11.沉湎于_________ 12.喜欢_________ 13.擅长_________ 14.迎接挑战_________ 16.集邮__________ 17.玩游戏_________ 15.远程学习________ 18. 拍照_________ 19去骑车_________ 20.弹钢琴_________ 21.节食___________ 22.富含_________ 23.宁愿... ...也不... ...____________ 24.充满_________ 二、经典句子展示 1. As long as you eat more healthy food and do more exercise , you'll have a healthy lifestyle. 2. If only I lived somewhere warm, I could exercise all year round and I would be so fit. 3 .I couldn't live this lifestyle without a good wife. 4. Thirty-six-year old Bob Black is sitting at his desk and working his way through his paper work. 5. It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave home and get on a bus. 6. Meeting and phones calls takes up a large part of the day. 7. Every minute of the day is filled with urgent matters. 8. Rather than ride in a car , I prefer to go to work on foot. 9. I need to go to the gym every day because I don't get enough exercise otherwise. 10. The more healthy vegetables and fruits you eat, the more healthy life you will have every day. 11. Right now I'm studying Chinese by distance learning. I am very interested in Chinese and it's my dream to see the Great Wall one day. 12. We like to visit nice quiet places far away from the city and go walking there where there are no shops, crowds or the tube and where the fresh air is so good for my lungs. 13. As happiness always promises hope to people, let's develop a healthy outlook and keep a pleasant state of mind. 三、实战演练—单元话题（生活方式） 根据下面提示以Have a healthy lifestyle为题写一篇短文 4 1．简述以下现象： (1)健康的重要人尽皆知。 (2)许多青少年不注重健康问题，尤其在假期。长时间看电视，通宵上网聊天、玩游戏。导致的危害如：影响视力，身体虚弱，缺乏人际交往。 2．简述你的看法，提出你的建议。 要求：(1)内容完整，层次清楚，语言流畅。 (2)词数100左右，标题已给出，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：交流communicate 心理健康 mental health Have a healthy lifestyle 四、高考链接（2012年台湾英语学测卷） 说明︰1.依提示在「答案卷」上写一篇英文作文。 2.文长至少120个单词（words）。 提示︰你最好的朋友最近迷上电玩，因此常常熬夜，疏忽课业，并受到父母的责骂。你（英文名字必须假设为Jack或Jill）打算写一封信给他/她（英文名字必须假设为Ken或Barbie），适当地给予劝告。 请注意：必须使用上述的Jack或Jill在信末署名，不得使用自己的真实中文或英文名字。 5 参考答案 一、典型用语翻译 1. be busy doing doing/with ... 2. life styles 4.under pressure 7.take/do exercise/work out 10.answer e-mails 13.be an expert on 16.collect stamps 19. go cycling 22.be rich in 3.stay up 5.work one's way through paper work 6.take up time 8.get/be bored with 11.be addicted to doing ... 14.meet the challenge of ... 17.play games 20.play the piano 23. prefer to do... rather than do... 9.coplain about 12.be fond of 15. long distance learning 18. take photos of 21.go/be on a diet 24.be filled with /be full of 三、实战演练 Have a healthy lifestyle As we all know, health is very important. Only when we are healthy can we study well and enjoy life. However, many teenagers don‘t pay any attention to their health, especially during the holiday. And they spend too much time watching TV, playing games and chatting on the Internet all night, which is bad for their health. First, this may make them get near-sighted. Besides, their bodies become much weaker. Thirdly, they will lose the chance to communicate with others face to face as they never go out, which may have a bad effect on their mental health. In my opinion, they should spend less time in front of the TV or the computer. Go out to take some exercise, play some sports and visit some friends and have a healthy lifestyle. 四、高考链接（2012年台湾英语学测卷） Dear Ken ， How have you been recently ? I heard from your brother that you have gotten so addicted to video games that you ofen stay up late and ignore your studies . As your best friend , I believe that I have the responsibility to give you some advice. As you might have discovered , video games can have quite a few negative impacts on your life . First , since you stay up late playing video games every day , you may often nod 6 off during the lesson. Therefore , you may not be able to concentrate on what the teacher is saying .You may have found yourself falling behind and having a hard time catching up in your studies . In addition , it seems that you have become a mouse potato and forgotten the benefits of playing sports , I really miss the happy times with you on the basketball court and you do need some exercise .Please do not indulge yourself in video game s anymore . How about meeting in the park tomorrow? I look forward to your reply! Sincerely 话题作文3 Jack 奥巴马抵达阿拉斯加州，参加美国真人秀《荒野求生》，与冒险家贝尔-格瑞斯一起，在阿拉斯加州荒野跋山涉水体验野外生存，并会见几位专家了解地区气候变暖的情况。 7 第二章 一般现在时、一般过去时和主谓一致 人物介绍(一) 一、一般现在时、一般过去时和主谓一致在写作中的应用 话题作文4 话题作文5 （一）经典句子记忆 1. My sister wears glasses. She is always ready to help others 2. A plane is faster than a car. 3. She will go to see him as soon as she arrives. 4. If she doesn‘t tell him the truth now, he‘ll simply keep on asking her until she does. 5. The teacher told students that the sun rises in the east. 6. His ship leaves at 9:00 a.m. 7. There goes the bell, let‘s hurry! Here comes the teacher. 8. By the time he comes, I will have left. 9. She got hurt in the feet on her way home from work. 10. When I was boy, I often walked to school every day. 11. When I was young, I would work on the farm. 12. He used to smoke. 13. My parents would rather they didn‘t talk about the matter any more. 14. We haven‘t seen each other since we had dinner 5 years ago. 15. It is time he was told what is wrong. 16. The Smiths were having breakfast when the morning post came. 17. None of the money was paid to me. 18. He is one of the students who have passed the examination. 19. Tom is the only one of the staff members who is going to be promoters. 8 20. Neither Bill nor his parents are at home. 21. Doctor Smith, as well as his two sons, is to arrive on the evening. 22. There is one book, a pen and two notebooks on the desk. (二）典型句式转换 The bell is ringing now. There goes the bell. The competition is held in our school once a year. This annual event has been held in our school for yeas. （三）实用语段欣赏 The Smiths live at 87 King Street. In the morning, Mr. Smith goes to work and the children go to school. Their father takes them to school every day. Mrs. Smith stays at home every day. She does the house work. She always eats her lunch at noon. In the afternoon, she usually sees her friends. They often drink tea together. In the evening, the children come home from school. They arrive home early. Mr. Smith comes home from work. He arrives home late. At night, the children always do their homework. Then they go to bed. Mr. Smith usually reads his newspaper, but sometimes he and his wife watch television. Last week Mrs. Mills went to London. She does not know London very well and he lost her way. Suddenly, she saw a man near a bus-stop, so she turned to help. The man smiled pleasantly. He did not understand English! He spoke German. He was a tourist. Then he put his hand into his pocket, and took out a phrase book. He opened the book and found phrases. He read the phrase slowly. ―I am sorry‖ he said. ―I don‘t speak English.‖ 二、话题作文演练 —— 人物介绍 （biography） 话题作文6 话题作文7 话题作文8 The following characters are all history makers ,do you know who they are? 9 （一）Ideas about biography （1）basic information （2）appearance and character （3）education and big events （4）evaluation （二）典型用语翻译： Group 1: basic information (age, birthplace, background) Age: (1)一个五岁的男孩 (2)在我十/二十多岁时 (3)在五岁时 (4)我小时候喜欢…… Birthplace: 1)出生于某地某时 2)在某人多少岁时 3)来自穷苦家庭的儿子 4)出生于一个农民/知识分子家庭/书香门第 5)过着幸福/艰苦的生活 Group 2: appearance and character Appearance: (1) 一个高1.8米的男孩________ (2)胖的__________瘦的_________苗条的_________强壮的________ (3)显得比实际年龄年轻 _________ (4)长得好看_________ 长得一般__________ (5)穿得漂亮__________衣着干净整洁____________ Character: 有信心的_________ 爱社交的，外向的 ___________ 乐于助人_________ 有毅力的_________ 有能力的__________ 热心肠的_________ 10 随和的__________ 精力充沛__________ 慷慨的__________ 聪明的__________ 雄心的__________ 有吸引力的__________ 健忘的__________ 谦虚的__________ 诚实的__________ 考虑周到的_________ 幽默的__________ 杰出的__________ 勤奋的__________ 乐观的__________ 独立的_________ 悲观的__________ 谨慎的_________ 热情的__________ 多话的__________ 心不在焉的_________ 健康的_________ 脾气不好的__________ 耐心的_________ 举止得体的_________ 宽容的__________ 有天赋的__________ 严格的__________ Group 3: education and big events Education 1)考取……大学___________ 4)出国深造 / 去日本留学_________ 2)从某大学某系毕业__________ 5)读大学时他主修英语___________ 3)获取硕士/博士学位_________ Group 4: evaluation 1)国内外著名的__________ 4)为……树立好榜样__________ 2)在…取得很大/快速进步__________ 5)高度赞扬……__________ 3)获得一等奖/第一名__________ 6)被授予…(的称号)__________ 7)为……做出巨大贡献 （三）经典句子展示 1. Those who _________________(为社会做贡献) are worth respecting. 2. Our teacher works hard _____________（不图名利）. 3. He ____________ (热衷于) a chat online. 4. His ____________________(英俊的外貌) attracts many fans. 5. To be a _________________(有用之才) in the future, you must work hard now. 6. I worship him because of ______________________(有爱心又诚实). 7. He _______________ (号召世界和平) and helps poor families. 8. Yang Liwei is my idol, who ________________ (给我们树立了榜样). 11 9. He has the warm smile and a pure heart like a kid. 10. It is said that her hobby is to eat chocolate. （四）单元作文设计(请将下列段落译成英语) 王亚平于1962年出生在北京，先天失明。她12岁时开始对体育感兴趣，刻苦训练。1984年，在第三届残奥会上获得跳远金牌，是我国残奥会第一块金牌。2008年，她当选为残奥会火炬手。 残奥会：Paralympic Games （五）高考链接(2012年广东卷) 你接受了一项写作任务，要为英语校报写一篇人物介绍。 [写作内容] 请根据以下信息，介绍一位传奇人物。 姓 名：Allan Stewart； 国 籍：澳大利亚； 出生日期：1915年3月7日； 世界纪录：2006年获硕士学位时年龄最大； 学习态度：挑战自我，永远为时不晚； 第一个学位：1936年获得； 第二个学位：医学博士； 第三个学位：80多岁时决定学习法律，2006年获得硕士学位； 第四个学位：2012年通过网络学习获得，善于合理安排学习时间，受到老师表扬。 [参考词汇] 硕士学位 master's degree；博士 doctor。 12 [写作要求] 只能用5个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。 参考答案 （二）典型用语翻译： Group one: basic information (age, birthplace, background) Age: (1)a five-year-old boy一个五岁的男孩 a boy aged five 一个五岁的男孩 (2)in my teens /twenties在我十/二十多岁时 (3)at the age of five在五岁时 (4)As a child, I liked to... 我小时候喜欢…… Birthplace: 13 attractive / charming forgetful honest humorous diligent / hard-working independent 14 cautious talkative healthy patient tolerant strict modest considerate outstanding optimistic pessimistic enthusiastic absent – minded bad – tempered well- behaved gifted / talented 7) make great contributions to （三）经典句子展示 1. make contributions to society 2. not for fame or fortune 3. is keen on 4. handsome 5. useful man 6. his loving heart and honest 7. calls on the world peace 8. sets a good example to us 15 （四）单元作文设计 My hero is Ping Yali，a torch carrier in the 2008 Paralympic Games. She was born blind in 1962 in Beijing. At 12, she showed a keen interest in sports and started her training in the long-jump. She practiced very hard and was very strict with herself in the training. In 1984 she competed in the 3rd Paralympics Games and won a gold medal in the long-jump competition, which was china‘s first gold medal in the Paralympics. （五）高考链接(2012年广东卷) 标准范文： Dr Allan Stewart, born in Australia on March 7, 1915, is already the holder of the Guinness World Records title for being the oldest graduate after completing a law degree in 2006 at the age of 91.He believes that it‘s never too late to challenge himself and this attitude inspires him to attain for degrees. He got his first degree in 1936 and later the second: a doctor‘s degree. When he was in his eighties, he decided to study law and succeeded in getting a master‘s degree. His fourth degree was acquired through internet education in 2012 and he has always been praised by his teachers because he is good at arranging his studying time. 高分范文(13分) Allan Stewart, who was born in Australia on March 7th, 1915, obtained the master‘s degree in law, namely his third degree in 2006. He thus made himself the oldest man when awarded with a master‘s degree. Allan got his first degree in 1936 and later became a doctor in medicine. Due to being good at organizing time properly, he got his fourth degree through Internet study, which was praised by his teaches. 话题作文9 话题作文10 话题作文11 He owed his success to his study attitude that it is never too late to challenge oneself. 16 第三章 并列句 庆祝活动 话题作文12 一、并列句在写作中的应用 （一）经典句子记忆 1.(2008山东) He found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to fail. 2. Not only the students but also the teacher was tired of one examination after another. 3. Stand over there and you you'll be able to see the oil painting better.（If you stand there, you‘ll...or standing..., you'll...) 4. Neither did I know about it, nor did I care. 5. Bob would have helped us, but he was busy. 6. He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise/or he would have scored a goal. 7. China joined the WTO, and therefore/thus realized its old dream. 8. Hurry up or you'll be late. (二) 典型句式转换 1. (1) He didn't finish his homework, and therefore was punished by the teacher. (2) He didn't finish his homework, so he was punished by the teacher. (3）He didn't finish his homework; Therefore, he was punished by the teacher. 2. (1) China joined the WTO, and therefore realized its old dream. (2) China joined the WTO, thus realizing its old dream. 3. (1) It was fine, so we went for a picnic. 17 (2) It being fine, we went for a picnic. 4. (1) Stand over there and you'll be able to see the oil painting better. (2) If you stand there, you'll be able to see the oil painting better . (3) Standing there, you'll be able to see the oil painting better. (三) 实用语段欣赏(填词并欣赏） Learning English is not an easy job at all. First, you must keep on listening to English materials every day, ____1____listening is the basic part of English learning. Second, you should practice reading ___2___you will get slow in the understanding of passages. Third, it is of great importance to recite English in the morning ____3___it‘s also good for you to read aloud in your spare time. Fourth, writing is necessary; ___4____ ,you don‘t have to write a lot so long as you learn the skills of every kind of writing. ___5____, you should keep calm when you meet with difficulties and never give up. You should always remember that ―No Pains, No Gains‖. Key: 1.for 2.or 3.and 4.however 5. Finally 二、话题作文演练---庆祝活动（Celebration activities) （一）中外主要节日： 1.元旦(1月1日) New Year's Day 2.春节(农历一月一日) the Spring Festival 3.元宵节(农历一月十五日) the Lantern Festival 4.国际劳动妇女节(3月8日) International Working Women's Day 5.植树节(3月12日) Arbor Day 6.清明节(4月5日) Ching Ming Festival; Tomb-sweeping Festival 7.国际劳动节(5月1日) International Labour Day 8.中国青年节(5月4日) Chinese Youth Day 9.护士节(5月12日)Nurses' Festival 10.端午节(农历五月初五) the Dragon Boat Festival 11.国际儿童节(6月1日) International Children's Day 12.中国共产党成立纪念日(7月1日) the Party's Birthday 13建军节(8月1日) the Army's Day 14.中秋节(农历八月十五) Mid-autumn (Moon) Festival 18 15.教师节 话题作文13 (9月10日) Teachers' Day 16.重阳节(农历九月九日) Double-ninth Day 17.国庆节(10月1 话题作文14 日) National Day 18.除夕(农历十二月三十日) New Year's Eve 19.情人节Valentine's Day （February 14th) 20.复活节Easter ( from 22nd March to 25th April) 21. 感恩节Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day (in America ,the last Thursday of November or in Canada ，the second Monday of October ) 22. 圣诞节Christmas (December 25th) 话题作文15 23. 万圣节Halloween, or Hallowe'en (October 31) 话题作文16 24. 母亲节Mother's Day （the second Sunday in May） 25. 父亲节Father's Day (the third Sunday in June) 26. 愚人节April Fools' Day or All Fools' Day （April 1st） （二）请在图片下写出与节日对应的英文名称： 图表 1： 图表 2： 图表 3 ： 图表 4： 19 话题作文17 话题作文18 图表 话题作文19 5： 话题作文20 图表 6： 图表7： 图表8： Key： 图表 1：Easter, 图表2: Thanksgiving Day 图表 3: Valentine's Day, 图表4: the Lantern Festival 图表 5: the Dragon Boat Festival 图表6: Christmas 图表7: Mother's Day (三）庆祝活动相关词句 anniversary, approach , carnival , festival , legal , national , international , official, origin , religious , traditional , have fun with , in memory of , look forward to, remind...of...,arrange ,balloon, celebrate，join a celebration congratulate sb. on... , Congratulations on..., invite , receive an invitation/ a letter from.., hear from...graduation , hold a birthday party, a wedding ceremony, passing an exam, winning a scholarship, a sporting activity, gather together, organize dragon boat races, date back to/from... , take part in the races, make a speech , take photos/pictures of sb. , at the wedding reception , presents /gifts , flame , feast, firework display, parades, gatherings , put up decorations , participate , prepare ,preparation , present , dress up, decorate...with... , serve soft drinks, get relaxed , have a good/pleasant time , enjoy oneself, be related to. 20 图表8: the Spring Festival (四）经典句子展示 1. The Dragon Boat Festival falls on the fifth day of the lunar year. 2. It marks the beginning /the end of the hottest season of the year. 3.However，in many recent years ,people from other cultures have also taken part in the races and enjoyed the fun. 4. The festival dates back to/from the Ming Dynasty. 5. Traditionally moon cakes are usually made with bean paste, but nowadays, there are many different kinds of moon cakes including fruit, coffee, chocolate and even ice-cream moon cakes. 6. Congratulations on your passing the college entrance examination. 7. A firework display was organised to mark the Queen's display. 8. First my cousin and I put out the welcome mat. Then the people started coming and we served drinks. After that I started frying some food. (四)单元作文设计 --- 庆祝活动 假设你是王明，你的加拿大网友Roger想了解中国的传统节日，请你给他写一封120-150词的电子邮件，向他介绍中国的元宵节（the Lantern Festival ) , 内容如下： 1. 时间： 正月十五; 2. 历史：起源于汉，兴盛于唐，宋朝时期成为节期5天的灯节; 3.习俗：赏灯、吃元宵、划旱船(land boat ) 等;. 4.意义：正月十五那晚是第一个月圆之夜，也是一年开始，大地回春的夜晚，人们对此加以庆祝，也是庆贺新春的延续。 参考词语：festival 节日 the Chinese lunar calendar 农历 date back to/ from 追溯到 tradition 传统 lantern 灯笼 celebrate 庆祝 profound 深远的 21 Key： Dear Roger， Thank you for you said letter .You have said you want to know something about Chinese festivals. And now I'd like to say something about the Lantern Festival. The Lantern Festival falls on the fifteenth day after the Chinese Lunar New Year. It can date back to the Han Dynasty. When it came into the Tang Dynasty, the festival became quite popular. It turned into a festival of lanterns lasting for five days. There are quite a lot of traditions for this day. On this day, we Chinese often enjoy lanterns ,eat jiaozi and row land boats, etc. As a tradition festival, it has profound meaning in China. It is the first day when the moon is full round in the Chinese lunar calendar, and it also marks the beginning of the year when spring starts. With people celebrating the festival , they also celebrate the lasting of the NewYear. Yours Lovely Wang Ming （五）高考链接（2013辽宁高考） —个英文网站面向中学生征稿，请你写一篇英语稿件，介绍―中秋节‖及这个节日里的主要活动。 1. 写作要点：它是中国的传统节日之一; 2. 家人团聚; 3. 赏月、吃月饼; 4. 还有旅游、访友等其他活动。 注意：1.词数100左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好，不计人总词数。 参考词汇：中秋节 the Mid-Autumn Festival 农历 lunar calendar 赏月 enjoy the full moon 月饼 moon cake 22 The Mid-Autumn Festival The Mid-Autumn Festival falls on the 15th of the eighth month of our Chinese lunar calendar. As one of the traditional Chinese festivals, it has been enjoying great popularity in our country. Usually, no matter how far away or how busy we are, we will try to come home for the celebration. The moon that night looks the brightest in the whole lunar month. What we love most is the time we enjoy the full moon together. With the beautiful moon up in the sky, we sit together and eat moon cakes and fruit, sharing our stories. In addition to these traditional activities, we have a wider range of choices such as travelling and visiting our relatives or friends. 23 第四章 句子的5种基本类型 网络 一、句子的5种基本类型在写作中的应用 （一）知识梳理 英语中只由一个主语（或并列主语）和一个谓语（或并列谓语）构成的句子叫简单句.它的五种基本句型结构分别是： 1.主语+谓语（不及物动词）（SV型） 2.主语+谓语（及物动词）+宾语（SVO型） 3.主语+连系动词+表语（SVP型） 4.主语+谓语（及物动词）+间接宾语+直接宾语（SVID型） 5.主语+谓语（及物动词）+宾语+宾语补足语（SVOC型） 观察与发现 请归类下列句子的类型 a. _________________________ The rain stopped. They are talking. b. __________________________ Children often sing this song. My mother is watching TV. c. __________________________ The book is new. Betty looks very beautiful. d. __________________________ I'll by him a new watch. She showed me all her pictures. e. __________________________ We often heard them laugh. John told me to do that again. (二）经典句子记忆 24 1. I lent Jack my bike half an hour ago. 2. Last night the wind was very strong 3. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music. 4. We consider him an honest boy. 5. The Smiths have lived in the city for ten years. 6. His leg got hurt just now. 7. First I will tell them the history of the school. 8. She practices running every morning. 9. They found their hometown greatly changed. 10. Her dream is to become a musician. (三) 实用语段欣赏 Yao Ming is my hero. He is a fantastic basketball player. He not only plays basketball well, but he is also nice and friendly to his fans. He is the most successful Chinese basketball player who has joined NBA. He is admired by Americans. He has won honour for our country. 二、话题作文演练---网络（the Internet) Key words: 网络社交：annoy，anxiety， blog， board， chat, communicate ,connect, contact, date, disturb, e-mail, Internet, interrupt, loneliness, micro-blog, privacy, share, Wechat, social contact, text message, video conferencing 电子商务：account，breakthrough， create，safety, security, credit card, job opportunity, online sales, online shopping 网络游戏：be addicted to doing...，affect，influence， be harmful to, computer games 在线学习：develop, digital, offer, platform ,distance learning , online learning, online course 其他：access, check, convenient , efficient, global, instant, IT(information technology), low cost, link, password, surf, timely, username, website, wi-fi, worldwide, a double-edged sword, home page, Internet connection, search engine, web browser, web page （一）典型用语翻译 1.上网___________ 2.痴迷于_________ 25 3.有害于__________ 4.与...保持联系_________ 5.对...有影响_________ 6.和...分享 _________ 7.遍及全世界_________ 8.搜寻________ 9.和...交换意见_________ 10.发短信/电子邮件_________ 11.远程/在线学习_________ 12.取得重大突破_________ 13.对...焦虑/担心_________ 15.玩电脑游戏_________ 14.和...进行交流_________ 16.网上聊天/购物/交友/办公_____ 18.对...悲观__________ 17.对...乐观_________ (二）精彩句子展示 1. It is clear that we are going to see a huge growth in shopping on the Internet. 2. The Internet plays a very important role in everybody life, which has made a huge difference in the world. 3. I read the announcement of the summer camp that you have posted on the Internet. 4. I usually surf the Internet, play games or chat with my friends online about hot movies at weekends. 5. Only when we use the Internet in a proper way can we benefit most from it. 6. With the development of high technology, the Internet is becoming more and more popular. 7. With the popularity of computer games, more and more teenagers are addicted to the virtual world, leading to a terrible grade and health. 8. Many students waste too much time playing computer games, which has a bad effect on their studies. What‘s worse, the bad information on the Internet does great harm to them. （三）单元作文设计 Write about Internet in some 120 words. Try to cover the following points. 1. How do you like Internet surfing? 2. What do you think is the future development of Internet? 3. How does the Internet change your life? 26 （四）高考链接 假如你将参加某英语杂志社开展的一次征文活动，征文的内容要求你在电视、手机（cell）和网络三者中，放弃其中一个并陈述理由。请你以―Which would you give up: the TV, cell, or Web?‖为题，写一篇英语短文。 注意：1.字数100左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案 （一）典型用语翻译 1. surf the Internet 2.be addicted to doing 4. keep in touch with 3.be harmful to 5.have an effect /influence on/affect 6. share...with... 7.throughout/across/all over the world 8. search(...)for... 9.exchange ideas/compare notes with... 11.long distance learning /on -line study 13.be anxious /worried/concerned about... 10. send messages/E-mails to 12. make great breakthrough 14. communicate with... 15.play computer games 16. chat/shop/make friends/work on line. 17. be optimistic about... （三）单元作文设计 The Internet To be honest, I love the internet very much. Surfing the internet is what I do every day, which changes me a lot. 27 18.be pessimistic about... As we all know, the Internet plays more and more important role in our daily life! First of all, after a whole day's hard work or study, we can sit in front of our computer and surf on the net, appreciating (欣赏）the latest movies, listening to music we like, reading books, playing games, chatting and so on. Besides, we can get current news and information we need both home and abroad, without which we have to go to the library. And we can buy or exchange items through the internet as well as make friends and travel . I think the internet changes my life style .I can get most of what I want through it .In my opinion ,the internet will be more interesting and standardized .It will be more helpful to our life .But we still have a lot of work to do . （四）高考链接 One possible version We are now living in an information age, in which TV, cells and the Web are widely used. It seems that many people cannot enjoy themselves with them. However, if I had to give up one of them, I would turn off the TV rather than switch off my cell or cut off the Internet. I could do without TV because few shows my fancy and there‘re too many commercials. Besides, most programs on TV are also available elsewhere. As for the cells and the Web, they are more necessary to me. I need a cell to keep in touch with my friends and family and almost all information can be gathered on the Internet. （五）最新网络流行语 1、颜值 （face score）颜值，网络词汇。颜值高就是大美女大帅哥，屌丝男屌丝女的颜值也就不好意思拿出来说了，颜值低的 。 2、蛮拼的（Push the envelope） 习近平总书记使用―蛮拼的‖这个高度大众化的网络词语表述一年来干部的基本工作状态，既接地气，形象生动，又时髦贴切。―蛮拼的‖也因之一夜走红，成为社会解读的热点。 3、APEC蓝（APEC blue） 在北京迎接2014年亚太经合组织（APEC）第二十二次领导人非正式会议之际，中国政府强调，要保障APEC会议期间的空气质量达标。所以在会议期间，北京的天空格28 外得蓝，于是乎就出现了APEC蓝来形容这特殊的蓝天。现在又有阅兵蓝之说。 4、点赞（give a thumbs up） 点赞为一网络语言。来源于各大网络社区的―赞‖功能。后引申为对某个内容（比如一条贴子、一篇文章或者一条微博等）或某人表示赞同、喜爱。实则，在网络上面其点赞数量表示―人气‖，即有越多越好的意义。 5、我也是醉了（表示很震惊很无语的时候：―My god!‖ 表示让人发狂：―Drive me crazy.‖ 表示―开什么玩笑啊‖：―Are you kidding me?‖） 它是一种对无奈、郁闷、无语情绪的轻微表达方式。通常表示对人物或事物，无法理喻、无法交流和无力吐槽。多可与‖无语―、―无法理解‖、―无力吐槽‖换用。 6、有钱任性（rich and bitch） 该流行语来源于一起诈骗事件，一男子在明知骗子骗钱时，仍给骗子汇去54万元。但是他没有报警，因为他想看看对方还能怎么样骗他。从此被广大网友调侃为：有钱就是这么任性！ 7、喝酸奶不舔盖(Don't lick the lid when you drink yoghurt.) 喝酸奶不舔盖是网友们调侃而出的土豪衡量标准，一般用来嘲讽一些伪土豪，或者自嘲时使用。该词来源于一个微博段子：朋友来找我哭诉：―女朋友跟一个有钱的高富帅跑了。‖我问：―有钱到什么地步？‖他说：―喝酸奶不舔盖得那种。‖ 8、你家里人知道么？（Do your parents know?) 起源于一个在网吧看新闻的网友：―你在这这么土，你家里人知道吗？‖然后一传十，十传百，―你家里人知道吗‖很快成了网络流行语。这句话的发展潜力和可扩展性也给了网友无数吐槽的灵感。 9、画面太美我不敢看（I can't afford it！） 这句歌词出自蔡依林的《布拉格广场》，被网友引申为对奇葩事物的形容，比如一张图片很雷人，网友就可以用―那画面太美我不敢看‖来形容它，多用于调侃和自嘲。 话题作文21 话题作文22 29 第五章 状语从句 音乐剧评论 一、状语从句在写作中的应用 话题作文23 （一）知识梳理 将下列句子中的状语从句标出来并说出用法。 1）I saw John when I was walking along the street. 2) You shouldn‘t get angry just because others speak ill of you. 3) He went to summer school every year so that he could finish college in three years. 4) Where there are schools and colleges, there are examinations. 5) I am more interested in business so I would prefer not to study English varieties unless it is really necessary. 6) The moment he opened the window, a bird flew in. 7) Although he works very hard, yet he makes very slow progress. 30 8) He doesn‘t speak English as well as you do. 9) The earth goes around the sun just as the moon goes around the earth. (二）经典句子记忆 1. When I was studying in Beijing University, I found it easy to work with a teacher. 2. Although she is young, she knows quite a lot. 3. You will be late unless you leave immediately 4. He will come to see you before he leaves Shanghai. 5. John didn‘t attend the meeting because he was ill. 6. He sat in the front of the classroom so that he might hear the teacher clearly. 7. It is such an interesting book that everyone likes to read it. 8. Make a mark where you have any doubts or questions. 9. The little boy spoke as if he were an adult. 10. Whatever we do, we should try to do it well. 11. Please sit where you like. 12. They will stand by you even if you don‘t succeed. 13. Unless you change your mind, I won‘t be able to help you. 14. It will not be long before she comes to see you. 15. The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you will make. (三)典型句式转换 1. I won‘t believe what he says. 2. No matter what he says, I won‘t believe. 3. When he spoke, he felt more and more excited. 4. The more he spoke, the more excited he felt. (四)实用语段欣赏 When I was a child, I had heard many stories about life in America. Whenever I saw American movies, I imagined that one day I would be in a place like the one I saw. By the time I was 20, I finally decided to come to the U.S. The moment I came to the U.S., I began working hard and trying to learn English. I didn‘t have much time to have a fun or meet Americans since I started my job. While I was at school, I talked to my classmates during breaks, but on the weekends I was alone most of the time. I couldn‘t make American friends 31 until I learn more English. 二、话题作文演练 —— 音乐剧评论（A concert review） (一) Information about your concert Group/Singer: ____________ Time/Place:______________ Type of music: rock ?n‘ roll, classical, fork… Performance: excellent, really exciting… Music: brilliant, very good rhythm, boring, exciting, fantastic, quite good, really loud, poor… Songs/Lyrics: clear, unclear, full of strong feelings/ anger… Sound quality: drums too loud, clear, weak… Lighting/special effects: ok, extraordinary, disappointing… Stage design: spectacular, poor, Audience reaction: dancing/singing to all songs, extremely excited… (二) Make your notes into paragraphs Para 1: the start of the concert Give information about the time, the place, the group and how the concert started. Para 2: the performance Describe the music in the concert and your reactions to it. Para 3: the audience reaction Describe how the audience reacted. Para 4: the end of the concert Describe the end of the concert. （三）经典句子展示 1. Last night, 1,500 young people went to the Worker Stadium to see Linkin Park group, a pop rock group with a growing number of fans. 2. Last Thursday night, hundreds of fans went to the Corn Exchange in Cambridge, England to see Alanis Morissette performing in concert. 3. There was not an empty seat anywhere in the concert hall although it was an extremely cold night. 4. All the tickets were sold and there was not an empty seat anywhere. 32 5. The group started at 8 o‘clock, which was worth it! 6. Justine, lead singer and guitarist in the group, proved that he is a true performer. 7. The sound quality in the hall was poor but the audience could still here their strong voice. 8. During the 3-hour concert, Morissette used a lot of material for her award-winning album. Then she gave a creative and powerful performance. 9. Audience enjoyed the concert, and many people in the crowd were long-time fans and they sang along to nearly every song. 10 Throughout the concert, the atmosphere inside the concert hall was extremely exciting. 11. From the start, the fans were jumping up and down to the rhythm and they did not stop until the very end. 12. Everyone left the hall feeling excited. 13. She finished the evening with a new song about the life of a superstar. 14. Everyone was greatly impressed by her brilliant music and singing. (四)单元作文设计(请将下列段落译成英语) 上个周末，上千人去工体看了周杰伦的演 唱会。他在大陆有着很强的粉丝基础。演唱 会票被抢购一空，现场座无虚席，八点正式 开始。在两个小时的演出中，周杰伦演唱了 他各种风格的歌曲，如愤怒的，有爱的，悲 伤的或喜悦的。他的表演有力且富有创造力。 舞台效果也棒极了，令人眩目。在场听众从 始至终唱着跳着，会场热烈。每个人都对本场表演印象深刻，满意而归。 话题作文24 33 Last weekend, thousands of fans went to the Worker Stadium to see Jay Chou‘s performance in concert, who comes from Taiwan with growing number of fans. He has strong fan base in main-land, and all the tickets were sold and there was not an empty seat anywhere. The concert started at 8 o‘clock, which was worth it! During the 2-hour concert, Jay sang many songs which expressed feelings such as anger, love, sadness and joy. His performance was creative and powerful. The stage effect was spectacular and fantastic! From the start, the fans were jumping up and down to the rhythm and they did not stop until the very end. Throughout the concert, the atmosphere inside the concert hall was extremely exciting. Everyone was impressed by his wonderful performance and left the hall feeling excited. （五）英文新年音乐会海报设计 请为新年音乐会设计一份海报，内容包括： 时间：12月30日 星期三 下午4:00-5:30 地点：学校礼堂 表演者：学校交响乐团 合唱团 节目：合唱 交响乐 钢琴演奏 小提琴演奏 费用：学生免费 成年人20元/人 欢迎参加 你自己的设计方案： 第六章 定语从句 住所描述 一、定语从句在写作中的应用： 话题作文25 （一）经典句子记忆 1. The village is not the one that it used to be. 2. The reason for which /why I recommend this movie is that it reminds us to pay attention to the disabled and not to look down upon them. 3. As is known to us all, Beijing is a beautiful city with a long history. 4. Gone are the days when the Chinese people used foreign oil. 5. Is this museum the one that we visited the other day? 6. This is the boss in whose company I work. 7. Lisa, our English teacher from UK, is a fashionable and friendly lady, who is 22 years old ,1.65 meters tall and weighs 52 kilos. 8. Those who'd like to take part in the contest may sigh up in the office of the Students' Union before October 16th. 9. Anyone who has a strong will realize his dream and enjoy a colorful life. 10. Surfing the Internet is popular with the students, which does good to their studies. 11. The Internet not only provides people with much the latest information, but also changes the way(that/in which) people communicate with each other. 12. Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, which is well-known for her beautiful scenery, is also rich in traveling resources. 13. Last night, a fire broke out, which was caused by a dozen of middle school students, most of whom (/and most of them) were 15 years old. 14. He is such a clever boy as can work out the problem at once. 35 15. The reason why people celebrate the festival is that they believe it is the time when the moon is at its fullest and brightest in the whole year, and people will gather together eating moon cakes and appreciating the full moon. 16. Years of school life have taught me a lot of things, of which what strikes me most is that we should take care not to hurt others with our words, deliberately or by accident. 17. Nowadays parents have done everything for their single child, which makes the children rely on their parents badly. (2013福建高考满分作文) (二）典型句式转换 1.（1）The village is not the one that it used to be. （2）The village is not what it used to be. （3）The village is (quite) beyond recognition. 2. (1) As is known to us all, Beijing is a beautiful city with a long history. (2)It is known to us all that Beijing is a beautiful city with a long history. (3)What is known to all is that Beijing is a beautiful city with a long history. 3. Those who /anyone who /whoever would like to take part in the contest may sigh up in the office of the Students' Union before October 16th. 4. (1) Is this museum the one that we visited the other day? （2）Is this the museum (that) we visited the other day? (3) Is this museum what we visited the other day? 5. (1) This is the boss in whose company I work. (2)This is the boss in the company of whom I work. 6. (1) Jack is from Canada. He has studied in our school for three years. He often helps us learn English. He speaks Chinese very well. (2)Jack comes from Canada. He is a student of our school where he has studied for three years. Not only does he help us learn English but he speaks Chinese fluently as well. (三）实用段落欣赏 I have a classmate called Kate, whose mother is my former English teacher. Kate is a girl who is easy to get along with and we all like her. Kate took the first place in the Speech Contest, which made her mother happy. The New Year is coming, when Kate will go to Hong Kong together with her mother. As we all know, Hong Kong is a shopping paradise, where 36 Kate intends to buy what she needs, how happy she is! 二、话题作文演练———住所描述 话题作文26 (Residence description) （一）典型用语翻译： 1.位于___________ 2.朝向相反方向__________ 3.远到__________ 6.贴近__________ 4.达到范围_________ 5.达不到范围___________ 7.在尽头__________ 8.在远处 ____________ 10.在前方_________ 11.在后方___________ 13.在另外一边___________ (二）经典句子展示 9.被环绕着_______ 12.排满树________ 1. The building is equipped with lifts/elevators that work for 24 hours a day. 2.This quiet central location offers affordable rooms(实惠的客房)with free Wi-Fi and a modern fitness center where the subway station and the shopping street are just a few minutes' walk. 3. On one side of the road there is a new classroom building. On the other side ,where the playground used to be, now stands another new building--- our library. (三)单元作文设计 某校开展研究性学习，要求学生设计一下未来的居室.下面请以My Dream House为题，描述你设计的居室.内容要点如下： 我梦中的住房将是建在海边的一幢别墅，前后有两个庭院，前面是一个四季都开满鲜花的花园，后面是一个游泳池，因为我的家人喜欢游泳。 第一层进门有一个大厅，大厅的右边有一个客厅，平时大家可以在这里放松休息， 37 看电视，娱乐等。左边有个电脑房，还有一间属于我的书房。 第二层有6间卧室，每一间卧室都有浴室。 别墅配有现代化设备，如电脑控制的安全报警器，电梯，可视电话，自动门等。 参考词汇： 书房study 安全报警器security alarm 可视电话vision phone 自动门automatic （四）高考链接（2003年秋季全国卷书面表达) 假设你是李华，你的英国笔友Bob将于九月到你所在城市的建新华文学校学中文， 来信请你在学校附近为他找一套住房。请根据图画提供的信息，写信介绍住房的情况， 并告知住房面积为25平方米，月租500元。 注意：1.词数：100字左右； 2.参考词汇：房租---rent(n.)。 话题作文27 38 参考答案 （一）典型用语翻译： 1. lie in/be located in/be situated in 2.in the opposite direction of 4.within the reach of 5.out of the reach of 6.get close to 8.in the distance 9.be surrounded with of 12.be lined with trees 13.on the other side of （三）单元作文设计：My Dream House My dream house is a villa which lies on the coast. There are two yards in the villa. The front yard is a garden with many beautiful flowers an plants for the four seasons. There is a swimming pool in the back yard, as my family are fond of swimming. On the first floor, there is a big hall when you enter the gate. On the right of the hall is a sitting room, there we can relax, have a rest, watch TV and enjoy entertainments. On the left there is a computer room and a study belonging to me. On the second floor, there are six bedrooms with bathrooms. The villa will be equipped with the modern equipment, such as security alarms controlled by computers, vision phones, lifts an automatic doors. Well, that is my dream house. （四）高考链接 Dear Bob, I‘m so glad to learn that you‘re coming in September. I‘ve found a place for you. It‘s a small flat of 25 square meters, with a bedroom, a bathroom and a kitchen. In the bedroom there is a bed, a sofa, a desk and a chair. The rent is 500 Yuan per month. The flat is in the building on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. Bus No. 11 can take you straight to the school. In fact, it‘s only one stop. Do you think you‘d like it? If not, I can try and find another place for you. Just let me know. Yours, Li Hua 3.as far as 7.at the end of 11.at the back 10.in front of 39 第七章 特殊句式 表述观点 一、特殊句式在写作中的应用 话题作文28 （一）经典句子记忆 1. He did, however, sent me an E-mail, hoping to tell me the good news. 2. It was not until we had stayed together for a couple of weeks that I found we had a lot in common. 3.It was only when I reread his poems recently that I began to appreciate their beauty. 4. It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are. 5.When was it that he graduated from the well-known university? 6. It was only with the help of the local guide that the mountain climber was rescued. 7. It was with great joy that he received the news that his lost daughter had been found. 8. --- Where did you find the professor who made the speech yesterday? ---It was in the hall where the students often have a meeting(that the professor made the speech yesterday）. 9. It was in 1492 that Columbus discovered America. 话题作文29 11. The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized too much. 12. No love is greater than that of a mother's. 13. He looks sad .Could you tell me what it is that prevents him being as happy as before? 14. All that/What Tom does every day is (to) play football. 15.Never will China be the first to use nuclear weapons. 16.With time going on, his theory proved to be correct. 40 17. With everything needed bought, he returned home. 18. The hurricane, with its power to sink ships and to destroy strong walls, had found this little ship in its path. 飓风威力无比， 它能使船只沉没、毁坏坚固的墙， 它一路风驰电掣来到小船前. 19. It was a pity that the artist died with his works unfinished. （二）典型句式转换 1.(1)It was not until she took off her dark glasses that I realized she was a famous film star. (2)Not until she took off her dark glasses did I realize she was a famous film star. (3)I didn't realize she was a famous star until she took off her dark glasses. 2. (1)It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are. (2) It is the ability to do the job that matters /makes any difference/counts rather than where you come from or what you are. 3. (1).It was at midnight that he came back. (2). It was midnight when he came back. 4. (1).With time going on, his theory proved to be correct. (2) .As time went on, his theory proved to be correct. （三）实用段落欣赏 Admittedly, space exploration is marvelous to human, but it should not undergo at the expense of the present. The dreams of exploring space are a luxury that we cannot afford. Specifically, our world is marred by war, famine and poverty; millions of people are struggling 话题作文30 话题作文31 二、话题作文演练 ——表述观点 话题作文32 41 Key words： 提出观点： Point，view，opinion，plan, idea, agreement, disagreement, belief, suggestion, objection, advantage ,disagreement, personally, hold, wonder, faith, feel, suppose, firm, regard, vary, be different from, differ. 支持： agree, be for, insist on , support，in favour of, take sides with, back, stick to. 反对：against, disagree, doubt, object to, oppose, opposite, blame,contrary, what's worse. 论据：besides, furthermore, however, meanwhile, moreover, obviously,above all, at the same time, for example, for instance, in addition to, additionally, in other words, in particular, on the one hand, on the other hand, what's more. 得出结论：all in all, as a consequence/result, consequently, generally speaking, in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in general, in short, on the whole, all things considered, taking all the things into consideration, to sum up. (一）典型用语翻译 1. 不同于..._____________ 3.依我看________________ 5.就...而言______________ 7.参考 _______________ 9.说实话 _______________ 11.反对 _______________ 13.因...责备某人__________ 15.一方面...另一方面___________ 2. 持有观点____________ 4.关于... _____________ 6.似乎... ______________ 8.也就是说 _______________ 10. 支持 _______________ 12 . 毫无疑问______________ 14.正相反 ______________ 16.况且 ______________ 17. 总之 _______________ 18.首要的是 _______________ （二）经典句子展示 1. People have/hold different views about whether we should work out in the morning. 2. They are looking at it from different directions. 3. People‘s ideas are different/differ/ vary from person to person 4. There is a widespread concern over the issue that... 5. There are different opinions among people as to whether it is necessary to start learning English from childhood. 42 6. Everything has two sides and that is not an exception. Ithas both advantages and disadvantages. 7. As far as I am concerned/On the one hand, I firmly support/hold /am for/in favor of the view/agree that students should learn some English from childhood. 8. On the other hand, others insist on not/object to/are not in favor of having it built in the city.(disagree to have it built...) 9. Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of pollution. 10. So it goes without a saying that... ...‖ 11. Just as a popular saying goes, every coin has two sides. 13. Therefore/Thus/In all.., it is not easy to draw a conclusion (that... ...) 14. In my opinion, the Internet is helpful rather than harmful. (三)满分模板 There is a widespread concern over the issue that____(论点). But it is well known that the pinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that______(正方观点).In their views ,there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place_______(论据一). Furthermore ,in the second place______(论据二).So it goes without saying that______(观点总结). People ,however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the view that______(反方观点). In their point of view, on the one hand______(论据一). On the other hand, ______(论据二).Therefore, there is no doubt that______(观点总结). As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that ______(自己观点).It is not only because ______(论据一)， but also because ______(论据二). Therefore,______(总结). (四)单元作文设计---表述观点 A篇：国外学习优缺点 请对国外学习进行简要调查，并表述其优缺点，并写一篇120字左右文章，内容包括： 优点：1.可以学习国内学不到的先进技术 2.有更多事业选择 43 3.培养独立生活能力 缺点：1.会遇到心理问题，如孤独，想家等 2.学费高，负担不起。 3.不能适应当地语言文化等 The advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad B文：无线网的流行 Directions: For this part you are asked to write a short essay entitled The Popularity of Wifi. You should write at least l20 words following the outline given below. 1. 指出无线网越来越流行； 2. 无线网给我们带来的利弊 3. 我们应当如何对待 The Popularity of Wifi 44 （五）高考链接(2008年安徽卷) 当前不少文学作品被改编成电影。有人选择看电影，有人则喜欢读原著。请你以―Film or book, which do you prefer?‖为题，按照下列要点写一篇英语短文： 1、 看电影：省时、有趣、易懂 2、 读原著：细节更多、语言优美 3、 我的看法及理由 注意：1、词数：100-120 文章题目和开头已给出（不计入词数）。 2、参考词汇：original work或book in the original（原著） 参考答案 (一）典型用语翻译 1. be different/vary from 2. hold the view that 3. personally/ in my opinion 4.as for.../in terms of... 5. as far as I am concerned 6.It seems to me that.. 7.refer to/turn to 8.that is (to say) 9.to be honest/honestly speaking /to tell the truth 10. be for/in favor of/support 11.be against/object to 12. There is no doubt that... 13.be to blame for 14. on the contrary 15.on the one hand...on the other hand 16. besides/moreover /furthermore/in addition/additionally/what's more 17. in all/to sum up/as a consequence/in conclusion 18. above all 45 The advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad Nowadays, many students prefer to go abroad after they graduate from colleges because of its advantages, while others think it has many more disadvantages. Whether studying abroad is good or not is under hot discussion. Students can benefit a lot from studying abroad. For one thing, students can learn advanced knowledge and technology that can not be learned in their own country. The new things which they learned will broaden students‘ vision. For another, students can also have more choices for their future career. What‘s more, studying abroad helps to cultivate students‘ ability to live independently and deal with many problems on their own. Also, there is no doubt that studying abroad has its disadvantages. On the one hand, students should be faced with many psychological problems, such as loneliness and home sickness. Students will miss their family members and their friends when they first go to a new environment. On the other hand, studying abroad is so expensive that not everyone can afford it. In addition, students may find many difficulties of language and culture, which is hard for students to adapt to it. To sum up, studying oversea has both advantages and disadvantages. Although going abroad to study has many problems, it‘s great for students to have a totally different experience if they have enough money. B文:On the popularity of wifi It goes beyond saying that we now live in a society that‘s quickly developed and the same goes with our lives. The popularity of wifi is just the perfect example for that. We go to a restaurant, a caf or even when we‘re taking a bus or train, we could easily get access to the internet by means of wifi. Everything cuts both ways, so does wifi. On the one hand ,it makes it possible for a wireless enabled computer or personal digital assistant to connect to the internet almost anytime ,anywhere, making our life more convenient and interesting .And with the development of society ,free wifi will be available in much more place ,which will make it cheaper for us to surf the internet .On the other hand ,access points could be used to steal the information transmitted from the users and there is still room for improvement in signal 46 Personally, I agree with the second view. Actually I have more reasons for it. I think I can stay at home, reading quietly in a situation of my own, and what‘s more, I am able to better understand the author‘s ideas. In a word, to read the original work is better than to see the film based on it. 47 第八章 完成时 假日体验 一、完成时在写作中的运用 话题作文33 话题作文34 （一）经典句子记忆 1. He was hoping to go abroad, but his parents have decided that they won't support him unless he can borrow money from the bank. 2. So far this week we have seen a fall in house prices by between 5 to 10 percent. 3. With the help of high technology, great changes have taken place in the past years. 4. I'm so happy to be here, because it is the first time that I've been here. 5. Now that she is out of a job, Lucy has been considering going back to school, but he hasn't decided yet. 6. It is /has been five years since he left his hometown. 7. His first novel has received good review since it came out last month. 8. I have washed my hands so that I can help you with your cooking 9. She has made several popular films, and now she is making another. 10. No sooner had she got to the office than she got down to writing the report. 11. I had intended/hoped/meant/thought/wanted/supposed/ planned to be able to go on a trip with my family, but was prevented from doing so. 12. Twenty minutes had passed before we realized it. 13. We had been there three times by the end of last term. 14. The play had already been on for quite some time when we arrived at the theatre. （二）典型句式转换（你能分清下列结构及意思吗？） 48 Group one: (1)It is /has been three years since he joined the army. (2)He joined the army three years ago. (3)He has been in the army for three years. Group two: (1) It will be three days before we take the exam. (2) It was three o'clock when we took the exam (3) It was three days before we took the exam. (4) It is /has been three days before we took the exam. (5) It had been/was three days before we had taken the exam. (6) It was at three o'clock that we took the exam Group three: (1)No sooner had she got to the office than she got down to writing the report. (2) Hardly /Scarcely/rarely had she got to the office when she got down to writing the report. Group four: (1). I had intended/hoped/meant/thought/wanted/supposed/planned to be able to go on a trip with my family, but was prevented from doing so. (2). I intended/hoped/meant/thought/wanted/supposed/planned to have been able to go on a trip with my family, but was prevented from doing so. （三）实用语段欣赏 A:新概念第一册 lesson 88 For sale待售 NIGEL：Good afternoon. I believe that this is house is for sale. NIGEL ：That's right. NIGEL：May I have a look at it, please? IAN： Yes, of course. Come in. NIGEL：How long have you lived here? IAN： I've lived here for twenty years. NIGEL：Twenty year! That's long time. IAN： Yes, I've been here since 1976. 49 NIGEL：Then why do you want to sell it? IAN： Because I've just retired. I want to buy a small house in the country. NIGEL：How much does this house cost? IAN： $68,500. NIGEL：Well, I like the house. but I can't decide yet. My wife must see it first. IAN： Women always have the last word. B:新概念二14课: I had an amusing experience last year. After a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town. On the way, a young man waved to me. I stopped and he and he replied in the same language. Apart from a few words, I do not know any French at all. suddenly said, very slowly, Do you speak English? As I soon learnt, he was English himself! 二、话题作文演练 —— 假日体验（holiday experience） 话题作文35 （一）Ideas about holiday experience （1）plan of vocation （2）out-class activity （二）典型用语翻译 Group one: plan of vacation 1.旅游产业__________ 2.忙于做某事__________ 3.为…做准备__________ 4.对某人有好处_________ 50 5.集中于_________ 6.玩得开心_________ 7.对...感兴趣__________ 8.喜欢__________ 9.名胜__________ 10.旅游景点________ 11.担任________ 经典句子展示 12.有所作为________ 13.计划做某事_________ 14.花一些时间旅行_________ 1.As the summer holiday is coming, I want to find a part-time job so that I can gain some experience about society. 2.I want to find a part-time job, which enable me to earn some pocket money. 3.I would like to find a part-time job so that I can lean some useful skills and know more about society. 4.I plan to travel to Taiwan Island with my family, where I can learn more about Chinese culture and relax. 5.On the one hand, I can earn some money to lighten the burden of my family. On the other hand, I can accumulate the social experience, which does good to my future life. 6.The museum near my home needs student volunteers to help organize the exhibition. 7.Besides, if time, permits, I will visit some places of interest in the city to broaden my horizons. 8.As you know, I‘m interested in marketing, so I will work as a salesperson at a big market. 9.I am going to be a volunteer to teach English in my hometown, which can help the children to improve their English. 10.I am looking for a chance to teach poor children in some undeveloped areas. 11.my friends and I are going to visit the nursing home in my community, where we can help the aged. 12.you see, with so much to do, I believe I will have a wonderful holiday. Group two: out-class activity 典型用语翻译 1.踏青__________ 2.7天的假期__________ 3.参加户外锻炼__________ 4.参加_________ 5.在...脚下_________ 6.朝...出发__________ 7.兴高采烈地_________ 8.一路上_________ 51 9.沐浴在...__________ 10.鼓励某人做某事_________ 11.玩得愉快___________ 12.在上午_________ 13.在起跑线上_________ 14.不遗余力作某事_________ 15.充分利用_________ 16.盼望做某事_________ 经典句子展示 17.去爬山__________ 18.在学校门口集合_________ 19.到达__________ 20.渴望做某事_________ 21.增强信心_________ 22.从...中受益__________ 23.照相__________ 24.给...留下深刻印象__________ 1.On April 10th, Xingguang High School held a mountain climbing competition on Xiangshan Park. 2.Every athlete overcame the challenge and reached the peak of Mountain. 3.Not only do the students raise the awareness of cooperation, but also they gain the chance to shape their body. 4.All they way, we were chatting, singing and laughing. 5.Bathed in sunshine, we jumped and cheered with joy. 6.Not only did it get us close to nature and give us relaxation from heavy school work, it also promoted the friendship among us. 7.What a wonderful time! 8.The students and teachers are looking forward to enjoy more similar events. 9.It is such an enjoyable experience that all the students will never forget it. 10.It builds up their confidence and enriches their life as well. 11.Tough as the trip was, no one complained. 12.This activity is of great benefit to students in many aspects. 13.They not only realize the importance of teamwork but also have a valuable chance to get relaxed. 14.The activity left a deep impression on the students. 15.They got closer to nature and become more relaxed so that they could get will prepared for the coming exams. (三)单元作文设计(请将下列段落译成英语) 52 去年秋天，我参加了喜马拉雅的探险假日，adventure 2000是一个不错的选择。它 给我提供了很好的旅行安排，食宿和各种各样的特供。在那里，我爬山路,享受美味。那真是一个远离城市喧嚣和拥挤的真生活探险的机会。 （四）高考连接（2009北京卷） 假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华，为响应绿化祖国的号召，你班四月十二日去郊区植树，请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序，介绍植树活动的全过程，给某英文杂志的―绿色行动‖专栏写一篇以―Green Action in Our Class‖为题的英文稿件。 注意：词数不少于60。 提示词：郊区 suburbs 话题作文36 53 参考答案 group one: 1. tourism industry 2. be busy doing 3. prepare for 4. do good to sb. 5. focus on 6. have a good time 7. be interested in 8. be fond of group two:1. spring outing 2. the 7-day holiday 3. take outdoor exercise 4. take part in 5. at the foot of … 6. set out for/ head for 7. in high spirits 8. all the way 54 9. place of interest 10. tourist attraction/scenic spot 11. work as 12. make a difference 13. plan to do sth. 14. spend some time traveling 15. broaden one‘s horizons 16. make contributions to 9. be bathed in 10. encourage sb. to do sth. 11. enjoy oneself/have fun in doing sth. 12. in the morning 13. at the starting line 14. spare no effort to do 15. make full use of 16. look forward to doing sth. 17. go mountain climbing 18. meet at the school gate 19. arrive at 20. be eager to do sth. 单元作文 21. build up one‘s confidence 22. benefit from/ of great benefit to 23. take photos 24. leave a deep impression on Last autumn, I took part in adventure holiday in the Himalayas and adventure 2000 was a good choice. It offered us good travel arrangement, accommodation and various special offers. There, I walked along the mountain path and enjoyed fantastic food. It was a good chance to have a real-life adventure away from the noise and crowds of the city. 高考作文 Green Action in Our Class（标答） April 12 is memorable because our class had a meaningful experience on that day. In the morning, we bicycled to the suburbs to plant trees, talking and laughing all the way. Upon arrival, we began to work immediately. Some were digging holes. Some were carrying and planting young trees. Others were watering them. After getting the work done, we put up a board reminding people to protect the trees. Before leaving we took some photos to record our green action. Seeing the lines of trees, we all had a sense of achievement. We feel it‘s our duty to protect and beautify our environment. 高分(18分) In order to respond to the call ―Beautify our country‖, our class went to plant trees on April 12. We bicycled to the suburbs early in the morning, talking and laughing all the way. Upon arrival, in no time did we start to work. When some of us had dug the holes, the young trees were put in them. Having put back the earth and pushed it hard, other watered the trees. After getting the work done, we put up a board reminding people to protect the trees and took some photos to record our green action. All of us had a sense of success while seeing all the trees planted by ourselves. What a meaningful experience it is! 55 第九章 现在进行时、过去进行时和现在完成进行时 交通问题 一、现在进行时、过去进行时和现在完成进行时在写作中的应用 话题作文37 Talk about the pictures by using continuous tenses. （一）经典句子记忆 1.Don‘t disturb him. He is listening to the weather forecast. 2.The students are preparing for the entrance exam at present. 3.My mother is forever criticizing me. 4.I was having my breakfast when the morning post came. 5.James has just arrived, but I didn‘t know he was coming until yesterday. 6.The enemy were constantly making trouble. 7.I regret that I divorced him. I was just being stupid. 8.She ought to stop working; she has a headache because she has been reading long. 9.I have been waiting your letter for two weeks. （二）典型句式转换 After the operation, he felt better and better. He was recovering after the operation. （三）实用语段欣赏 A private conversation Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very good seat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoy it. A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me. They were talking loudly. I got very angry. I could not hear the actors. I turned round. I looked at the man and 56 the woman angrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. ―I can‘t hear a word!‖ I said angrily. ―It‘s none of your business,‖ the young man said rudely. ―This is a private conversation!‖ A Pretty Carpet We have just moved into a new house and I have been working hard all morning. I have been trying to get my new room in order. This has not been easy because I own over a thousand books. To make matter worse, the room is rather small. So I have temporarily put my books on the floor. At the moment, they cover every inch of floor space and I actually have to walk on them to get in or out of the room. A short while ago, my sister helped me to carry one of my old bookcases up the stairs. She went into my room and got a big surprise when she saw all those books on the floor. ―This is the prettiest carpet I have ever seen,‖ she said. She gazed at it for some time then added, ―You don‘t need bookcases at all. You can sit here in your spare time and read the carpet!‖ 二、话题作文演练---交通（Traffic) 陆路：plane, bicycle, block, bus, minibus，car, carriage, cross, crossing, crossroads, freeway, highway, expressway, freeway, park，pavement, roundabout, tractor, truck, lorry, motorcycle, vehicle. 铁路：train， tunnel, express, platform, subway/underground, tube, railway, tunnel，land, crash 水路：ferry，harbour，paddle， port， sailing, boat. 航空： flight，aircraft, airline, airport, helicopter, jet， 交通状况：crowded, safe, safety, in danger, rush hour, traffic jam. 交通事故：accident，ambulance, collision，break the speed limit/traffic rules, drink/drunk/drunken, knock down, fine, trap, speed, delay. 相关人员：conductor, cyclist，lorry driver，motorist pedestrian ,passer-by passenger, pilot, stewardess, air hostess . 其他：transport destination, schedule, solar car, petrol, gas, fuel, garage, aboard, arrival, convenient, departure, direction, station, tyre/tire, wheel, driving licence, (一)典型用语翻译 57 1.交通方式_________ 4.出故障_________ 7.起飞_________ 10.阻滞_________ 2.遇到交通阻塞_________ 3.搭载/接...____ 5.在船上__________ 6.撞倒_________ 8.违反/遵守交通规则______ 9.朝向_____ 11.加速________ 12.减速_______ 13.处于危险之中_________ 14.乘坐公共交通工具_____15.延误/推迟________ 16.在机场接人________ 19.交通方式_________ (二)经典句子展示 1. Would you please meet my uncle at the airport? His flight number is CA985. 2. It is very convenient to get to Tian'anmen Square by bus. Subway line2 has a stop there too. 3. The government should take measures and encourage more people to use public transport and bicycles so as to reduce the traffic in Beijing. 4. Thanks to the good ideas of lots of people, like the cycling fans in the 1960s, many people around the world have been enjoying city center streets without cars for many years. 5. People have been enjoying the benefits of cycling in Amsterdam for many years 6. Using bicycles contributes greatly to people's physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams. 17.高峰期_______ 18.撞到...身上_________ 7. Let‘s take cars for example. They not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowed. Furthermore, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents.The noise made by carsdisturbsthe residents living on both sides of streets all day and night. 8. Those that violate traffic regulations should be punished. 9. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers. 10. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycles, there are still some problems. 11. There are many several reasons for this problem .One of the main reasons of the problems is that the numbers of vehicles is increasing more rapidly than the building of roads. Another primary reason is that there seem to be many private cars and not enough public buses. 12. It‘s high time that the government took steps/measures to solve the problem. 58 (三)单元作文设计:Green travel (2015年天津中考试题） 话题作文38 假设你是李明，来自天津市某中学，你将参加以―绿色出行‖为主题的英语演讲比赛，请撰写一份演讲稿。 要点：介绍目前本市汽车增长带来的空气污染和交通堵塞等现象；号召大家―绿色出行‖。 内容： 1.如非必要，少坐私家车； 2.鼓励选用公共交通，如乘公交车或坐地铁； 3.短途尽量步行，或骑自行车； 4.阐述―绿色出行‖的好处：节能环保，改善城市交通状况，锻炼身体，有利健康。 词数80-100 59 （四）高考链接（2011陕西高考）： 假设你是星光中学的李华，将参加主题为―Let‘s Ride Bicycles‖的英语演讲比赛。请撰写一份演讲稿，主要内容包括： 1.目前汽车带来的空气污染和交通堵塞等问题。 2.骑自行车的益处，如能环保有利健康等。 参考词汇：低碳生活（low-carbon life）节能(energy saving) 注意：1.词数：120词左右； 2.演讲稿开头和结尾已给出，请将其抄写在答题卡上且该部分不计入总词数。 参考答案 (一)典型用语翻译 1. means of transport 4. break down 7. take off 2.get stuck in a traffic jam. 5.on board 3. picksb.up 6,knock down 8.break/violate/disobey the traffic regulations 10.hold up 13.in danger 11.speed up 14.take public transport 17. rush hour 9. in the direction of 12. slow down 15.delay/put off 18. run into 16.meet sb. at the airport. 19.means of transport. (三)单元作文设计:Green travel One possible version The increase of private cars has brought more and more serious air pollution and traffic 60 (四)高考链接 Good morning, everyone, I am Li Hua from Xingguang Middle School. The topic of my speech is Let's Ride Bicycles. As is known to all, with the improvement of people‘s living standards, cars have become a popular means of transport, bringing great convenience to our life. However, they have also caused some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams. How can we solve the problems then? As far as I‘m concerned, riding bicycles is a good solution. For one thing, bicycles don‘t need any petrol and they are energy – saving. For another, bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won‘t give off waste gas. What‘s more, riding bicycles is a good way for us to exercise and it is beneficial to our health. Therefore, let‘s take the responsibility to build up a low carbon city by riding bicycles. Come on and join us! Thank you! 61 第十章 非谓语动词 (动词不定式) 广告 一、动词不定式在写作中的应用 话题作文39 （一）典型句子记忆： 8.（10上海40）students' bathrooms. 9.（2011福建卷）The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes 10. I‘m leaving for Shanghai; do you h11. (09江苏year as short-term teachers, almost three times the number hired last year, unemployment pressures. 12. (08全国Ⅰ62 (二）典型句式转换 1. (1) Would you be so kind as to help me with my English? (2) Would you be kind enough to help me with my English? (2)It is said that the earthquake in Japan yesterday caused 1000 deaths. 3. (1) Who(m) would you like to have go with you, Tom or Mary ? (2) Father always has me doing homework all day long, which makes me tiring. (3) I'd like to go shopping with mom in a few minutes, and you've got so much homework to do now, do you have anything to be bought? 4. (2011重庆卷）More TV programs, according to government officials, will be produced in order to/ so as to/5. She had no choice but to /did nothing but /couldn't help but/couldn't( choose) but lie down and sleep. (三）实用段落欣赏 Dear Sammy, I don‘t know you enough for giving me the chance ，as a student in China, I have exams. They felt wrong it just as a language and knowing the cultures and English better. Don‘t you agree? So, this is a big chance for me. I am so excited that I the UK. much about the British culture and history there. I‘m also looking forward to visiting Oxford and Cambridge Universities, the most famous universities in the world. Many famous people and scientists graduated from the two universities. If I am lucky enough, chips. They must be delicious. Moreover, I think interesting many other British 63 Yours truly, Debbie 二、话题作文演练---广告（Advertisement) Key words：cheap ,expensive ,perfect, durable, brilliant, compact, modern fantastic, satisfactory, boring , tiring , easy （to use）,practical ,reliable ,automatic, disappoint, useful ,useless, surprising, astonishing, amazing, shocking, attractive, favourite, valuable, advanced, advertisement, product ,convenient, benefit, profit, advantage, disadvantage, weakness, strong, shortcoming, strong point , weak point, cost, customer, buy, sell, special, sale, bargain, cash, credit card，gadget. (一)典型用语翻译 1.对...厌烦_________ 4.由...制成_________ 2.对...满意__________ 3.高质量_________ 5.登广告_________ 6.价值_________ 8．满足要求＿＿＿＿＿ 10．获益于＿＿＿＿＿＿ 7.改善生活品质＿＿＿＿＿＿＿＿＿ 9．提供便捷方式＿＿＿＿＿＿＿＿＿ （二）16句超赞的经典英语广告语 1. Time is what you make of it.(Swatch) 2.Make yourself heard.(Ericsson) 天长地久。（斯沃奇手表） 理解就是沟通。(爱立信） 话题作文40 话题作文41 3. Engineered to move the human spirit.( Mercedes-Benz) 4.Start Ahead.(Rejoice) 人类精神的动力。（梅塞德斯-奔驰） 成功之路，从头开始。 （飘柔） 64 话题作文42 话题作文43 5. A diamond lasts forever.(De Bierres) 6.Fresh-up with Seven-up.(Seven-up) 钻石恒久远，一颗永流传。（第比尔斯） 提神醒脑，喝七喜。（七喜） 话题作文44 话题作文45 7. Connecting People.(Nokia) 8.Enjoy Coca-Cola.(Coca-Cola) 科技以人为本。（诺基亚 ) 请喝可口可乐。（可口可乐） 话题作文46 话题作文47 9.Generation Next.(Pepsi) 10.The Relentless Pursuit of Perfection.(Lexus) 新的一代。（百事） 追求完美永无止境。（凌志汽车） 话题作文48 话题作文49 11. Communication unlimited.(Motorola) 12.Focus on life.(Olympus) 沟通无极限。（摩托罗拉） 瞄准生活。（奥林巴斯） 65 话题作文50 话题作文51 13.Good to the last drop．(Maxwell) 14.Obey your thirst． 滴滴香浓，意犹未尽。（麦斯威尔咖啡） 服从你的渴望。（雪碧） 话题作文52 话题作文53 15.Impossible made possible 16. Behind that healthy smile， 使不可能变为可能。（佳能打印机） there’s a Crest kid.(Crest toothpaste) 健康笑容来自佳洁士。（佳洁士牙膏） 话题作文54 话题作文55 (三)经典句子展示 １.If you want to improve to improve the quality of your life, think about buying this product. 2. I hope this product will benefit you a lot. 3. It has a wide collection of colors and designs. 4．To buy one computer of this kind is your best choice. 66 (四)满分模板 ______(标题) We import a new type of______. Now I'd like to introduce it to you. Hope you will like it. It's______(产品名称)，which is typical of ______(产品用途).It is the best seller in______(产品特点).And the price is economic. If you buy it, you'll be offered a discount of ______(优惠条件).I'm expecting you to focus more on our product. ______(署名) (五)单元作文设计: 产品推介(Introduce Products） A篇： 假如你是一名电脑销售人员，请根据以下内容，用英语向客户作一个口头产品介绍（100字左右） 话题作文56 Ladies and gentlemen, Now let me introduce our new STONE HOME COMPUTER to you all. Ｂ篇：介绍电子辞典 假如你是某公司的产品推销员,请用英语完成下面的产品介绍: 67 1.产品名称:INSTANT-DICT 2.产地:中国香港 3.厂家:Hongyun Company Ltd. 4.产品特点:电子辞典,储存有一百万英语单词和短语.采用该公司20年的研究成果,由高级电脑科技控制,用轻金属制成,体小,携带方便,操作简单,价格合理. 注意:词数100左右. （六）高考链接：（2012重庆卷） 某国际网站提供个人闲置物品交换服务。现在，你打算通过该网站将自己的一件闲置物品与他人交换（exchange）。请你用英文在该网站上发帖，发布物品交换信息。内容应包括： ?你将拿出什么物品进行交换 ?具体介绍该物品 ?你希望换回什么物品 ?请愿意交换的朋友给你留言 注意： （1）词数100左右； （2）格式不限； （3）文中不得使用考生真实姓名和学校名称。 68 参考答案 (一)典型用语翻译 1. be tired/sick of/be fed up with 3. be of high quality 2.be satisfied with 4.be made from/of 6.value at 8.meet/satisfy the needs/requirements/demands 5. put on an advertisement on 7. improve the quality of life of. 9. offer sb.a convenient way to 10. benefit from (五)单元作文设计: 产品推介(Introduce Products） A篇： Ladies and gentlemen, Now let me introduce our new STONE HOME COMPUTER to you all. This kind of home computer is made in Tianjin, by Tianjin Home Computer Company. It is a new kind, 586.The computer has a larger hard disk and can store much more useful information. Besides this, it is more convenient and much faster to deal with all kinds of pictures. It is also easier for you to see films or VCD with clearer pictures. It will greatly help people learn and amuse. However, it will cost you only 5 000 yuan. To buy one computer of this kind is your best choice. Thanks. B篇： One possible version: INSTANT-DICT is an e-dictionary made in Hong Kong, China. It is the latest product of Hongyun Company Ltd. with a large vocabulary of I million words and phrases stored in it. So you can look up any word you meet in your Senior period. INSTANT-DICT is controlled by advanced computer technology which is also the latest technical result of the company`s 20-year research. The body of the INSTANT-DICT is made of light metal. Therefore it is small in size and convenient to carry; besides, it is easy to operate. The price is reasonable. It is a wise choice for English learners. (六)高考链接: Title: Want a second－hand bicycle? Here it is! Content: Since I am going to graduate, the bicycle that I have ridden for three years is of no use 69 any more. So I want to exchange it with whoever needs it. The bike is in plain black and easy to ride. Though it's designed for racing, you can use it for everyday life as well. With a lock behind the seat, it can be locked anywhere you like, removing the trouble of parking. Old as it, the bike functions well. And I'm sure you will love it at the first sight. If you have an Mp4 player and don't want to use it, you can exchange it with me. Anyone who has the intention please leave a message here, and I will contact you later. Thanks. 70 第十一章 现在分词 抱怨投诉信 一、非谓语动词（现在分词）在写作中的应用 话题作文57 话题作文58 复现与归纳 观察下列句子，将句子中的现在分词标示出来并分析其用法及在句子中的成分。 1.What did I learn about Chinese customs from my exciting exchange to China? ( ) ( ) http://www.wendangwang.comst time, when I visited China, we saw the tour guide wearing a very pretty fur coat on the day we left. ( ) ( ) 3.I told her the coat suited her, but she looked very embarrassed, saying that it was a cheap one…( ) ( ) 4.What he did was amazing. ( ) ( ) a. to describe a noun b. to express features of the subject c. to add information to an object d. to describe two actions that happen at the same time (1) 定语 (2) 状语 (3) 宾语补足语 (4) 表语 (二）经典句子记忆 1. Seeing that was she going off to study, I asked if she‘d like that dictionary. 71 2. Russ and Bob were engineers earning the same pay, but Bob had more ambition. 3. The crying boy had a cut on his knee. 4. He stood there, wondering what to do. 5. The market is crowded with people trading and bargaining. 6. Not knowing his address and telephone number, I couldn‘t get in touch with him. 7. As I walked past the room, I heard tow people arguing. 8. The word game was interesting. 9. Please remain seated; the winner of the prize will be announced soon. 10. Having failed to reach them on the phone, we sent an email instead. 11. Being bitten twice, the postman refused to deliver our letters. 12. Having been told many times, he finally understood it. (三)典型句式转换 1. As I knew a lot of people needed my help, I became an educator. 2. Knowing a lot of people needed my help, I became an educator. 3. After he had finished his homework, he went home. 4. Having finished his homework, he went home. (四)实用语段欣赏 Last Saturday, our class went to suburbs to plant trees. In the morning, we bicycled to the park, talking and laughing all the way. Upon arrival, we began to work immediately. Some were digging holes, some were watering them. After getting the work done, we put up a board reminding people to protect the trees. Before leaving we took some photos to record our green action. Seeing the lines of trees, we all had a sense of achievement. We feel it‘s our duty to protect and beautify our environment. 72 二、话题作文演练 —— 抱怨投诉信 投诉和抱怨一般分为口头和书面两种形式，二者都注重逻辑性和条理性。书面上的投诉和抱怨内容要求一般包括以下三点： 1. 投诉的原因 2. 列举抱怨的具体问题，并说明问题带来的后果 3. 提出合理的建议和你的希望 (一)key words and expressions 抱怨_________ 惭愧的_________ 调查_________ 失望_________ 不满_________ 解释_________ 不高兴__________ 服务_________ 延误_________ 无法接受_________ (二)经典句子展示 1. I‘m writing to you to complain about bad service in your restaurant. 2. I wish to express my dissatisfaction/ disappointment about your service/to find that... 3. I believe you will take my complaints seriously and take immediate action. 4. I hope you will give due attention to this matter. 5. I hope you will kindly investigate. 6. To remedy the matter/To correct the situation/, I suggest making the following changes. 7. To improve the situation/solve the above problem, it is advisable for you to take the following measures:… 8. I look forward to a day when we could really enjoy a more efficient service. (三)单元作文设计(请将下列段落译成英语) 不友好_________ 不礼貌_________ 实话说_________ 最糟糕的一次经历_________ 被告知_________ 产品_________ 空气污染_________ 抗议_________ 对…有影响_________ 建议_________ 73 话题作文59 Dear Manager: I‘m writing to complain about bad service in your company. I‘m writing this letter to notify you about a problem I am having with 1.____________________. The reason for my dissatisfaction is unhappy experience during using it. 2. ________________. When I pressed ―speed‖ button, its pace kept still. Secondly, the machine was too loud as it‘s on. My family was against my use for its noisy had bad effect on their health. 3. ______________ I tried contacting your after-sale service thousands of times but never got through! Frankly speaking, this is the worst experience I have ever had, and I would like to return this machine with my money back. Thank you for your consideration. 4. _______________ Sincerely yours: A disappointed customer a. exercise machine I bought last week. b. First of all, it can not work properly. c. What‘s most unacceptable is that d. I look forward to your early reply. （四）高考连接（2008湖北卷） 假设你是卜曼宜，你购买了一部某外国公司生产的手机，因有质量问题，要求该公司更换。请根据下列要点，用英文写一封电子邮件。 要点： 1. 问题： 手机不响铃，不能发短信；该产品已售完，无法更换；型号新，无配件，无法维修。 2. 要求：公司应尽快予以更换。 74 注意： 1. 词数为100左右； 2. 参考词汇：配件——spare part; 3. 电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好(不计入你所写词数) ； 参考答案 （一）知识梳理 1. a (1) 2. c (3) 3. d(2) 4. b (4) (一)key words and expressions 1. complain 2. ashamed 3. investigate 4. disappointment 5. dissatisfaction 6. explanation 7. unhappy 8. service 9. delay 10. unacceptable 11. unfriendly 12. impolite 13. frankly speaking 14. the worst experience 15. be told that… 16. product 17. air pollution 18. protest 19. have an effect on 20. suggest doing Dear Sir,（标答） I am writing to you for the mobile phone of Dephone-S250 I bought on 20th Apr.2008 at Tele Mall in Wuhan, P.R. China. Ten days after that, it didn‘t ring and send short messages. 75 I hate to say that there is something wrong with my mobile phone. First, the phone bell doesn‘t ring at all. What‘s worse, it can‘t be sued to send short messages to others. Besides, because the product here has been sold out, the salesman can‘t change it for me. Later, I went to have it repaired. However, I was told that the model of this mobile phone is so new that there are no spare parts. This results in its not being repaired. Taking into account all these factors above, I request the company should have a change of it for me as soon as possible. Thank you for your consideration. Sincerely yours, Bu Manyi 76 第十二章 感叹句 换客交流 一、感叹句在写作中的应用 话题作文60 感叹句通常有what, how引导，在写作中可表示赞美、惊叹、喜悦、等感情 （一）经典句子记忆 句型Ⅰ：what + a/an + 形容词 + 单数可数名词 + 主语 + 谓语。 1. What a pleasant surprise you gave us ! 句型Ⅱ：what + 形容词 + 复数可数名词 + 主语 + 谓语。 2. What big fish! When did you get them? 句型Ⅲ：what + 形容词 +不可数名词 +主语 +谓语。 3. What terrible weather we‘ve been having these days! 句型Ⅳ：how + 形容词 + a/an + 单数可数名词 + 主语 + 谓语。 4. How wonderful a picture it is! 句型Ⅴ：How + 形容词 + 主语 + 谓语。 5. How different life today is from what it was 30 years ago! 句型Ⅵ：How + 副词 + 主语 + 谓语。 6. How quickly you walk! 句型Ⅶ：How + 主语 + 谓语 （+其它） 7. How I wish that every family had a car in China! 8. How time flies! How he works! 其他句子：What a pity/a shame! 77 (二）典型句式转换 1. How different life today is from what it was 30 years ago! 2. What a different life it is today from what it was 30 years ago! 3. Life today is quite different from what it used to be 30 years ago! (三)实用段落欣赏 How time flies! Three years have gone without trace just like the breath of wind. Before middle school I was just a little girl who did not know much. But how different life today is from what it was 3 years ago! I used to quarrel with my parents frequently, but now I‘ve learnt to show respects for all my relatives. What kind-hearted people they are! And how they work! In the past, I asked too much of my friends, but now I‘ve known to do as many things as possible for them. Also, I've realized what‘s really of great importance in my life, and I‘ve learnt to tolerate everything and go all out to smooth away different kinds of difficulties. In the future, I'll keep up my high spirits and continue to work harder to realize my dream. How I wish to be admitted to Tsinghua University! 二、话题作文演练---文化冲击 （Culture Shock ） Key words: upset awful terrible lonely stressed stressful anxious worried outgoing unfriendly tired sick indifferent unfamiliar strange uncomfortable confused puzzled disappointed impolite cruel embarrassed negative cautious with good /bad manners shock exchange host hostess guest adapt to fit in with communicate afford (一)典型用语翻译 1.习惯于_________ 4.有礼貌_________ 7.对...熟悉________ 2.适应_________ 3.在...有麻烦________ 5.和...相处_________ 6.尽管_________ 8.厌倦__________ 9.调整__________ 10.留下很深印象________ 11和...交换..._______ 12.供得起__________ 13.对...混淆_________ 16.领...游览_______ (二)经典句子展示 1. I would appreciate it if you could write me back. 78 14.送行_________ 17.解决问题_______ 15.与...相反_________ 18.方方面面_________ exchange to China。 9. The Chinese are the friendliest people I have ever met. （三）单元作文设计：—— 文化冲击（Culture Shock) 你的美国笔友要来中国，写信向你了解你所在城市的天气和饮食情况，请回信.内容提示： 1告诉他可能遇到不同于他那里的情况。 2这里天气炎热，提醒他带雨衣 3饮食和美国不同，要学会用筷子 4让他带一张美国地图来，让你更了解美国。 79 （四）高考链接：换客交流（ 话题作文61 Exchange Students) A文（2008四川延考卷） 假定你是李华，将去英国某学校短期学习，被安排住在Smith先生家。请你写封短信与其取得联系并询问以下情况： 1．住宿条件； 2．膳食安排； 3．交通情况。 注意： 1．词数100左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头语已为你写好。 Dear Mr. Smith, I‘m Li Hua from China, writing to ask about my stay with your family. Yours, Li Hua One Possible Version: Dear Mr. Smith, I‘m Li Hua from China. writing to ask about my stay with your family. First, I‘d like to express my thanks for your kindness of having me. To better prepare for 80 my life in Britain, I‘d like to know if I‘ll have a room for myself and if there is a computer I can use. I plan to have lunch at school, and it would be great if I could join you for breakfast and supper. Finally, could you tell me how far your place is from the school? Is it within walking distance or do I need to take a bus? I‘m so excited about my visit to the UK. I look forward to seeing you soon. Yours, Li Hua B文：2014年高考天津卷（Exchange Students） 假设你是晨光中学高二(1)班的班长李津， 得知美国学生Chris 作为交换生， 下学期将到你班学习。 请你根据以下提示， 给他写封邮件： （1） 表示欢迎 （2） 介绍与本地生活相关的信息（如天气， 饮食等） （3） 介绍本班情况 （4） 希望Chris做哪些事情， 以增进中美学生之间的了解和友谊 注意： （1） 请勿提及与考生相关的真实信息。 （2） 可适当加入细节， 使内容充实，行文连贯。 （3） 词数不少于100； 开头已给出， 不计入总词数。 （4） 参考词汇： 交换生 exchange student 81 Dear Chris, I‘m Li Jin, monitor of Class One, Grade Eleven. I have heard that you are to come to our school as exchange students, and I, on behalf of our class, welcome you warmly and sincerely. Now, I‘d like to introduce some details about the weather, food and our class. The weather in fall is very pleasant. It is neither too hot nor too cold, and neither too dry nor too humid. The temperature here is at about 20 centigrade. Moreover, the food in Tianjin is delicious, including the Eight Great Bowls and the Four Great Stews, and some snacks such as Goubuli, a kind of steamed bun with filling. I am sure you will enjoy them. Our class is a very warm family. There are 55 students in our class, containing 30 boys and 25 girls. You will find it easy to join us since we all want to make friends with you. Then, you needn‘t worry about the life here, because the girls and boys in our class are very friendly and helpful. Whenever you get in trouble, they are ready to lend their hand to you. At last, I personally advise you to learn some basic Chinese, in order to communicate with local people and it is much easier for you to get on with teachers and classmates by speaking Chinese. We are looking forward to seeing you. yours， Li Jin 参考答案 (一)典型用语翻译 1. be used/accustomed to (doing)... 2. fit in with/adapt to 4.with good manners 3. have trouble/difficulty/a hard time (in)doing... 5. get along with... 8. be tired of 6. in spite of 7.be familiar with 9.adjust oneself to... 10. be deeply impressed upon... 11. exchange..with. .. 12. afford to 13. get/be confused about 14. see sb. off 15.be contrary to 16. show sb. around. 17.solve/settle/work out a problem 18. in all aspects 82 I am very glad you are coming to China. There may be something different from the USA, so I want to tell you something helpful. Now , it is very hot and often rains, so don't forget to bring your raincoat, you should learn to use chopsticks because we don't use forks and knives to have Chinese food; I want to learn more about the USA, would you please bring me a map of America, thank you , I will show you around many places of interest in China, I hope to see you soon! yours Li Lei 83 话题十三 过去分词 描述人物（二） 一、过去分词在写作中的应用 话题作文62 (一) 经典句子记忆 1. It is generally believed /said/considered/reported/widely accepted/universally acknowledged/ ... that television produces a great influence on human society. 2. Having been told many times, he finally understood what to do next. 3. Given more water, the tree could have grown better. 4. With windows broken, the classroom seems terrible. 5. If (it is) left untreated, the disease will spread quickly throughout the area. 6. Seen from space, the earth looks like a huge globe with water covering more than seventy percent of the surface of the earth. 7. Attracted by the beauty of nature, the girl decided to stay in London for another two weeks. 8. Compared with other teachers, Mr. More paid more attention to the way of teaching. 9. Located /situated/lying in the east of Guangdong Province, Shanwei is a costal city, having/covering/with an area of 5271 square kilometers. 10. Deeply moved /affected/touched by his words, I am determined to learn from him. 11. Lost in thought, he almost run into the car in front of him. 12. Ladies and gentlemen, please remain seated until the plane has come to a complete stop. (二）典型句式转换 84 1. (1) Shooting was organized as a means of survival, which developed into a sport in the late 19th century. (2) Shooting, organized as a means of survival developed into a sport in the late 19th century. 2. (1) Seen from space, the earth looks like a huge globe with water covering more than seventy percent of the surface of the earth. (2) Seeing from space, we can find that the earth looks like a huge globe with more than seventy percent of the surface of the earth covered by water. 3.(1).It is now believed that human life on earth began in Africa.(origin) (2)Human life on earth is now believed to have originally begun in Africa. 4. (1) Given more water ,the tree could have grown better. (2)If it had been given more water, the tree could have grown better. (三）实用语法段落欣赏 One day, it was funny. I went to school on foot. On my arrival/arriving, I found some of my classmates standing out of the classroom with worried faces. It kept unknown what had happened With windows broken, the classroom looked terrible. No one was able to enter the room. To our delight, having been locked for three hours, the room was opened at last. The teacher dressed in blue went into the room, followed by the students. There was a pot of flower in the classroom looking not so beautiful. Given more water, the flower could have grown better. ―Nothing serious. Our monitor lost the key, leaving us standing outside, and someone broke the window. Seize every minute to study and you will succeed.‖ said the teacher with his eyes fixed upon us students. Encouraged/Deeply moved /touched/affected by the teacher's words, we were determined to study twice as hard as before. 二、单元话题作文---人物介绍（Describing a Person ） Key words: Hair: long/short/shoulder length, black/blond /brown/dark/ grey/red/white, straight /wavy , pale , dark, curly Age: in one's(early/mid/late)teens /twenties, middle-age, at the age of ,over, more than, younger /older than 85 Special Feature: beard, moustache, wrinkle Appearance: good-looking, overweight, short, thin, tall, serious, attractive, handsome, ordinary, plain, pretty, smart, tidy, ugly, well-dressed, beautiful, expression, impression Personality: aggressive, anxious, athletic, cheerful, creative, confident, generous, hard-working, helpful, honest, independent, kind, lazy, nervous, neat, organized, outgoing, patient, relaxed, reliable, selfish, shy, sociable, weak, curious Likes and dislikes: animals, chess, computers, playing /listening music, playing/watching sport , reading, travelling, watching. Clothing: belt, blouse, boot, button, cap, collar, fashionable, glove , jacket, jewellery , loose, necklace, pocket, scarf, sneaker, suit, tie, tight, underwear, uniform (一)典型用语翻译 1.在40岁时_________ 2.在20刚出头_________ 3.毕业于_________ 4.赢得一等奖__________ 5.身体健康__________ 6.擅长__________ 7.严格要求自己__________ 8.和...结婚__________ 10.留下第一印象__________ 11.对...做贡献 __________ 13.高度评价_________ 16. 深受...喜欢__________ （二）经典句子展示 1. Zhong Nanshan, one of the greatest doctors in China, was born in Guangzhou in 1941. 2. I'm Lining from China，male and unmarried. I'm 20 years old and 1.78 meters in height (1.78 meters tall). 3. I‘m a man of thirty, and got married with Lucy five years ago. It's five years since I got married with Lucy. 4..She is a lovely/good looking/funny looking girl with a round face, big deep-set eyes ,white teeth and long waving hair. 5. I‘m strong /weak and in good /poor health/condition/a good state of health. 6. Igraduated from Beijing University and won/got my bachelor's/master's/doctor's degree in physics in April, 1998. 7. Graduating from the department of English of Zhongshan University, she went on further 86 9.喜欢_______ 12.有...天赋_________ 14.以...身份被怀念___________ 15.主修...__________ 17.树立榜样____________ 18.打破纪录_________ education and received a doctor's degree. 8. Majoring in Science, he graduated from a famous University in the north and after 4 years, he went abroad for further studies. 9. Not only is he interested in science, but also he has a gift for music. 10. He set a new world record of swimming, which helped him win a gold medal for China Team. 11. I'm good at spoken English, and even better at using computers. 12. I won/got the first page in the homepage designing contest. 13. My favourite sport is swimming and playing tennis. 14. In my spare time, I like/am fond of /into/have a passion for reading and travelling. 15. He is strict with everybody and in everything and is popular with/well received by his students. 16. Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man of great achievements. 17. Leifeng set us a good example, so all the people spoke highly of him and all respected him. 18. He is one of the greatest novelists in China and will be always remembered as an outstanding man. 19.Lishizhen makes great contributions to Medical literature. (三)美文欣赏 Although Princeton, New Jersey, has a world-famous university, it is still a small quiet town. It is not a place where anyone would expect to see strange characters on the street. That is why one woman will never forget the day in 1940 when, as a child, she suddenly saw a funny-looking man coming towards her. ―I remember,‖ she tells her children now, ―how wild his white hair looked---as if it had been electrified. He was short. His clothes seemed to be just pulled on to keep him covered, like a blanket to keep one warm. He had a big nose, a short, thick moustache, and deep-set eyes. He was staring, thinking. He almost knocked me down before he saw me. He gave me a friendly smile, then he walked on and went on thinking. I noticed he had on bedroom slippers. He had forgotten to put on his shoes. He looked as if he had just stepped out of my book of fairy tales and had passed me like a spirit. That night at dinner, when I told my family about 87 话题作文63 story of struggle, success and sadness. (四) 高考链接---人物介绍（2002高考） 话题作文64 注意： 1 词数100—120 2 用文段形式做人物介绍 88 Ahn Jae Wook， a handsome young man of 29, is a South Korean singer and actor. He graduated from Seou Arts University in 1994. He played Kang Young Woo, the first Korean blind doctor in the TV drama ―Song of Blind Bird‖ in the same year. His first album was released in 1997, followed by the Chinese version of the album in 2000. In order to support Beijing Olympic Bid, he performed with Chinese singers at the China Millennium Monument on April 22, 2001. And he joined the Korean singing group N.G.R in a concert in Beijing on May 18. He has planned to tour other Chinese cities late this year. Ahn Jae Wook is very popular with Chinese teenages. 89 第十四章 情态动词 申请信 一、情态动词在写作中的应用 （一）经典句子记忆： 1. Being addicted to playing games may/might /could lead to social violence especially of teenagers. 2. To help students get better employment, do you think universities need increase the skillful courses? 3. There was a sign over there reading ―No one shall smoke or carry a lighted cigarette in this area. 4. You cannot expect to be a top student without working hard at your lessons. 5. — What are you doing this Sunday? —I'm not sure, but I might go to the Rolling Stone concert. 6. The boy must have been lost in the woods, otherwise, they would have been at the lakeside camp as scheduled. 7. I ought to/should have been invited at the birthday party, but I wasn't invited. 8. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out. 9. Experts suggested that parents (should) always have dinner together with their children in their spare time. 10. One cannot be too careful. 11. If you must smoke, you will be fined. 12. You needn't have been so worried you had plenty of time then, 13. I wanted to see my friend off at mid-night alone, but my father wouldn't let me go. 14. (1) It was so sad to me that they, so poor themselves should bring me food. (2)—It's hard to believe that he should have fought with a police man. —Yes, if one must ask for trouble, it cannot be helped. 15. We‘d rather our daughter stayed at home, but it is her choice, and she isn't a child any longer. 90 16. We would be back in the office now if you didn't lose the map. 17. Anybody can make mistakes. 18. He might have given you more help, even though he was very busy. (二）经典句式转换 1. (1) You cannot attach too much importance to the matter. (2) You cannot attach importance to the matter enough. 2. (1) If he dare break the rule, he will be punished. (2) If he dares to break the rule, he will be punished. (3)If he should dare to break the rule, he would be punished. (4)Should he/Were he to dare to break the rule, he would be punished. 3. (1) Candidates shall remain in their seats until all the papers are collected. (2) It is required that candidates have to remain in their seats until all the papers are collected. 4. The train is supposed to/should/ought to have arrived an hour ago. 5. Despite the heavy snow, they were able to/managed to make it/were successful in/succeeded in making it to the top of the mountain. (三）实用段落欣赏(流行歌曲中的情态动词） I Want To Be With You -by The Bonzo Dog Band There are things that must be done That are not yet begun Things that I must do When I want to be with you Although we're （might be)far apart You're (should be)with me in my heart No one else will do I just want to be with you I want to be with you 91 话题作文65 话题作文66 申请信是在求职或申请留学时常使用的一种信件。内容要求一般包括以下三点： 1. 简要说明信息来源，并陈述自己能胜任 92 2. 突出自己的特点，具体说明能胜任的原因 3. 请尽快答复你并给予机会 （一）key words and expressions 1. 广告__________ 2. 申请n./v.___________ 3. 可能性_________ 4. 感激的_________ 5. 面试_________ 6. 职位_________ 7. 询问_________ 8. 感激的_________ 9. 沟通__________ (二）经典句子展示 1. I am writing this letter to inquire about the possibility of … 2. I am writing to express my interest in… 3. I am writing this letter to recommend myself as a qualified candidate for… 4. I have a good understanding of… 5. I am good at…, especially… 6. I work hard and I can get along well with others. 7. I hope you will be kind enough to consider my application favorably. 8. I shall be much thankful if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. 9. I‘m writing to tell you that I‘m suitable for the job you are advertising. 10. Thank you for considering my application and I am looking forward to hearing from you. (三)单元作文设计(请完成下列段落) Dear Sir/ Madam, I learned from the newspaper that 1.__________________. I am really interested in it. I‘m 17 years old and 2. ______________. I think I am qualified for the position. To 10. 机会__________ 11. 主修_________ 12. 毕业于_________ 13. 在某人业余时间_________ 14. 擅长_________ 15. 期待_________ 16. 推荐_________ 17. 候选人_________ 18. 适合的_________begin with, I‘m kind by nature, easy going and always ready to help others. What‘s more, being independent, 3. _______________. Last but not least, I am good at English for it is my 93 favorite subject. I‘ve got several prizes in English contests. In my spare time, 4. ______________. Besides, I like doing sports. I will try to get them more interested in English by telling stories, singing songs, playing games and so on. I‘d appreciate it if you could give me the opportunity. Sincerely yours: Li Hua a. volunteers are wanted to teach the students in Hope School with their English. b. will be graduating from Beijing Experimental School c. I can deal with my daily routine to care of myself. d. I enjoy reading and singing very much. (四)高考链接(2011年辽宁卷) 假定你是李华，将于今年七月从新星外语学校毕业.你从报纸上得知B B公司要招聘一名英文秘书，你很感兴趣写一封求职信，包括下列要点: 1. 年龄： 2. 学习情况及英语水平： 3. 兴趣和特长； 4. 性格特点。 注意： 1. 词数100左右； 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行为连贯； 3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。 94 key: 1. advertisement 2.application/ apply for 5.interview 6.post/position 3.possibility 4.appreciative 7.inquire 8.thankful 11.major in 12.graduate from 14.be good at…/ do well in… 17.candidate 18suitable http://www.wendangwang.communicate 10.opportunity 13. in one‘s spare time 15. look forward to 16.recommend key to 高考链接： Dear Sir / Madam, I learned from the newspaper that your company needs an English secretary. I'm really interested in this position and hope I can work for you. I'm 18 years old and will be graduating from Xinxing Foreign Languages School this July. I'm an excellent student, among the top 5 in my class of 50 students. I'm good at English, especially spoken English. I often use the computer and I type very fast. In my spare time, I read a lot. Poems are my favorite. I enjoy music very much too. Being an active young person, I like sports and outdoor activities. Besides, I'm easy to get along with and I like to make friends. I'm looking forward to your reply. Sincerely yours, Li Hua Dear Sir / Madam, (高分23/25) I learned from the newspaper that your company needs an English secretary. I'm really interested in this position and hope I can work for you. The ad is really very appealing to me, so I‘m now writing to you in the hope of filling in the job vacancy. I have just turned 18 this year, and am graduating from Xinxing Foreign Languages School this coming July. I‘ve been doing pretty fine with my lessons, and always turn out first in exams. as a major in English, I‘m particularly good at spoken English, and can type very fast, which I think will make an advantage for me. Besides, I can always get along well with others in a team. in my spare time, I like to engage myself in some outdoor activities. I do hope that I can meet your requirement. I would be grateful if I could be given the job. Sincerely yours, 95 Li Hua 96 第十五章 虚拟语气 求学 一、虚拟语气在写作中的运用 话题作文67 （一）经典句子记忆： 1. Should the electronic communication replace the face-to-face contact, people's life would go empty and boring, meanwhile there would be a danger that human world would collapse. 2. If young people should depend on the electronic devices to communicate with each other in an extreme way, the society would go indifferent. 3. Were I at school, I would study harder. 4. Sorry I am too busy .If I had time, I would certainly go for an outing with you. (2012，湖南） 5. We could have faced the difficulty together, but why didn't you tell me earlier. 6. Had it not been for the captain, the ship would have sunk. 7. Without the air to hold some of the sun's light, the earth at night would be freezing cold, too cold for us to live. 8. Jane's pale face suggested that he was ill, and her parents suggested that she (should) have a medical examination. 9. We lost our way in our village, otherwise would have visited more places of interest yesterday. 10. The two strangers talked as if they had been friends for many years. 11. We would rather our daughter stayed at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer. 97 12. If we had booked a table earlier, we couldn‘t be standing here in a queue. (2013北京) 13. Eye doctors recommend that a child‘s first eye exam (should) be at the age of six months old. 14. —Where are the children？The dinner is going to be ruined. —How I wish they were not always late!(2011, 北京） 15. Isn't it high time that we took measures to fight against pollution ? 16.（1） If only you had told me you had a spare ticket for the show. （2）If only it clears up, we'll go.只要天一放晴,我们就去. 17. It is necessary as well as important that teenagers (should)learn how to save money. (二）典型句式转换 1. (1)Had it not been for the bad weather we would have arrived on time. (2) If it had not been for the bad weather we would have arrived on time. (3)But for /without the bad weather we would have arrived on time. 2. (1) Rather than work in such bad condition, he would give up the chance. (2) He would give up the chance rather than work in such bad condition. (3) The old man would rather his son gave up than let him work in such bad condition. (4)If only /I wish my son had found a good job. 3. (1) Should I have enough money, I would travel around the world. (2）If I had money，I would travel around the world. (3)Were I to have money, I would travel around the world. 4. (1) I suggest that you should not make any decision before you think twice. (2)My suggestion is that you should not make any decision before you think twice. (3)It is my suggestion that you should not make any decision before you think twice. (4)It is suggested that you should not make any decision before you think twice. (5) I suggest your not making any decision before you think twice. (6) I advise you not to make any decision before you think twice. （三）实用语段欣赏 Hard and painful as frustration is， it is of significance in our life. ―Storm makes trees 98 take deeper roots. Without frustration， never could we grow up as a strong willed person. Were we surrounded by over-praise and immersed in pride and happiness; frustration would be a timely alarm, urging us never to stop at the so-called peak and continue our pace of pursuit. Were we faced with obstacles; frustration would be a philosopher's stone, with which we could transfer the temporary setbacks to great opportunities to become stronger. In a word, life is not only about how to live through the storm, but how to dance in the rain. 二、话题作文演练---求学 （Learning) Key words: life-long /distance learning; improve, graduate from; university, college, elementary/primary/junior/senior/middle/high/junior high, senior high/secondary/high school/kindergarten, nursery/technical school; bachelor's/master's/doctor's/degree, diploma, certificate, course, period, semester, subjects, education, design, building, carpentry, photography,science,chemistry,maths,geography,physics,biology,Chinese,biochemistry,drawing, botany,drama,geometry,health,PE,major,arts,astronamy,philosophy,literature,music, engineering, architecture; academic, career; lecture, talk, speech; part-time, full-time; traditional/ altermative, compulsary/required/optional/selective/vocationalcourse;facilities, laboratory, experiment, library, soundlab, dormitory, department, canteen, dining-hall, gym, lecturehall, loundry, campus, institute, playground, basketball, volleyball/tennis/badminton/ baseball/ table, tennis,court,football field; activity ,prize, medal，amusement, colorful, enrich, friendship; challenge, competition, contest; professor, headmaster, president, instructor, librarian, monitor, scholar, 话题作文68 teenager, tutor, scientist, exchange, student,(under)graduate; timetable, schedule, assignment 99 （一）典型用语翻译 1.申请 _________ 2.主修_________ 3.获得知识___________ 4.进行研究/实验________ 5.获得博士化学学位 __________ 6.赢得奖学金_________ 8.重视教育__________ 7.参加交换生项目_________ 9.自学_________ 10.面对_________ 13.被分为_____ 11.遵守校规章制度_______ 12.被录取_________ 14.由...组成_________ 15.(未）通过考试_________ 16.专心于____________ 19.落后__________ 17.取得进步___________ 20.做讲座__________ 23.参考___________ 18.敢/跟上______ 21.记笔记___________ 24.复习___________ 22.求助于__________ 25.业余时间_________ 26.分享经验__________ 27.圆梦_________ 28.建立学校电台_________ 29.和...相处_________ 30.从事活动_________ 31.适应_________ (二）经典句子展示 states. 4. Parents education. They will their children that priceless gift. 6. the classroom buildings in poor condition, I found the 7. Tall buildings have been library where you can look up information. new challenges at university. 9. it‘s never too late to learn. 10. Now I'm about to graduate from the School of Continuing Education at Qinghua 100 32.调整_________ University with a Bachelor's Degree in Computer Engineering by distance learning. 11. Frankly speaking the last four years have been hard work, but it's been worth it. 12. If you fall behind in your work, the teacher will go over it with you. 13. The thing about being a teacher is that you have access to children's minds when they are open and eager to learn. 14. Although today we are more accustomed to typing a few key words into search engine and waiting for the Internet to split the answer out for us, modern scientists and thinkers are still solving the world's problems with the type of analysis -luckily for us. 15. So much of our knowledge and understanding of the world today is due to people like Bacon and Galilei, who were brave enough to step out from the shadows of conventional thought in order to find the kingdom of knowledge that today's civilization, is built upon. (三)单元话题作文 话题作文69 - A Personal Essay (My Perfect School) 以―My Perfect School‖为题，写一篇文章，内容包括： 1 .Introduction to some personal information or historical background. 2. Location and facilities 3. Time table 4. After-school Activities 5. Conclusion 字数150词左右 101 （四）高考链接- Preparing Myself for College Life 阅读短文，写一篇150词左右的英语短文。(2008广东高考) Hi, I am Mike. I just went through my first year of college. The toughest part on me at first was the general adjustment.1 went to a very small high school where my mom was a teacher and she did practically everything for me. But at the college need to know some basic life skills. such as balancing a check—book, laundry, and the things you have to be able to handle that I never thought of in the high school! It was really tough for me at first and I got badly homesick. Once that first semester was over and I got used to the college life, I loved it—good facilities, helpful instructors and a good library. The Students‘ Union organizes various parties every week. I also go to cinemas and concerts, and often spend Saturday nights in pubs and clubs. One thing I think is important is to get yourself active in things. I was on the dance team in college and met a ton of people that way…it was so much easier to make friends when you had a common ground. 【写作内容】 学校最近组织了一次中美学生交流活动，你参加其中的―大学校园生活‖讨论。听完Mike的发言之后，你准备写一份发言稿，题目是―Preparing Myself for College Life‖，内容要点包括： 1. 以约30个词概括Mike的发言要点； 2. 然后以约120个词谈谈你理想的大学生活，内容包括： (1) 对中学生活的感受； (2) 理想的大学生活； (3) 中学生活和大学生活的差别，以及你打算如何适应。 【写作要求】 1. 在作文中可以使用自己亲身的经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 102 参考答案 （一）典型用语翻译 1. apply for 2.major in 3.acquire/gain knowledge 4.carry on an experiment/research 5.receive /win/get a doctor's degree in chemistry 6.win a scholarship 7. participate in a exchange student program 9. teach oneself 10.be faced with 8.attach great importance to education 11.obey the school rules and regulations 14.consist of/be made up of 17.make progress in 12. be admitted to 15. (fail) to past exams 13. be divided into 16.be absorbed in 18. catch/keep up with 19.fall behind 21. make notes 24. go over 22. turn to 20.make a speech/give a talk/report 23. refer to 26.share one's experience with sb. 25.in one's spare time 27. realize a dream(One's dream came true) 28.set up a school radio station 32.adjust oneself to... 29. get along with 30.take up 31.adapt to （三）单元话题作文- A Personal Essay (My Perfect School) My Perfect School At the moment, I go to an Experimental Senior High School in Haidian District of Beijng. It's quite a good school, but obviously it could be better in this essay, I'm going to describe my idea of the perfect school. My perfect school would be on the edge of the city, actually near a large forest. I always feel tired after eight classes a day, so my dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. There would be three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We could choose our favorite lessons to learn. We would spend more time doing some outside reading. Students would take varieties of subjects, such as English, Math, Biology, Chemistry, etc. Moreover, it is important for students to study some new optional subjects, such as the Latin dance class, the composing class and so on, which would help them broaden their vision and have many 103 different skills to deal with different situations in their future lives .However, besides taking those subjects, students should also make a special study of their major. The students do after-school activities for one and a half hours every day. We needn‘t do a lot of homework. We are all happy to stay at school. Besides that, my dream school looks like a big garden. There are many kinds of flowers around the modern buildings. Sweet perfumes are diffused all around. If I want to have a rest, I can lie on the grass, listen to music by the lake or look out at the flowers from the classroom windows. The teachers here are kind and helpful. They are not only our teachers but also our good friends. The students are polite and friendly. We all know how to keep our school clean and tidy. There is no litter around the campus. In conclusion, I think my perfect school would offer a big amount of freedom to my students, which would allow them to do whatever they want to and train up their independent characters. In other words, it would be a great cradle for whoever wants to lead their own successful life. I love my dream school. We will grow up to be happier there. Preparing Myself for College Life I've heard from Mike's Story, from which I learned that he went to a small high school where he knew little about basic skills. At college, he couldn't adjust himself to college life at first, but later he enjoyed it. Now I'm studying in a rural high school. Though the conditions are not so good, my teachers are very strict with me. I'm working hard at my lessons all day and all night to live up to my parents' expectations. After school I have to do some daily routine things myself, like washing clothes and mending socks. I'm tired but happy. I hope to have a happy and colorful life in college. I wish I could do what I like to do and take part in a varieties of activities in me spare time instead of doing homework. I think that I can read all kinds of books in the library, burying myself in the world of knowledge. College life will be very different from that in high school. Everything is new to me. I'm afraid I'll get homesick. But I believe I'll adapt myself to the new environment and make a difference there. 104 第十六章 祈使句 人文轶事（ An anecdote） 一、祈使句在写作中的应用 （一）经典句子记忆： 祈使句是用来发出命令或指示，提出要求、建议、劝告等的句子。祈使句因对象（即主语）是第二人称，所以通常都省略。祈使句的动词都为一般现在时，句末则使用句号来表示结束。 1. Watch your steps! 2. Look out, danger! 3. Keep off the grass! 4. Please have a seat. 5. Ladies and gentlemen, please get seated. 6. This way please. 7. No smoking/No fishing /No parking! 8. (Someone) go and clean the blackboard. 9. Be a good boy. 10. Turn down the radio ---the baby is asleep in the next room. 11. Let us (Let's do)...will you(shall we)? 12.---Sorry, Joe，I didn't mean to. ---Don't call me Joe‖, I'm Mr. Parker to you, Don't you forget it! 13. ---Don't forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. ---I won't. (NMET1991) 14. Be sure to/ Don't hesitate to write to us when you are in trouble. 15. Hurry up, or you will be late. 16. Go straight on and you will see the church, you won't miss it. 17. One more hour and I'll get the work finished. (二）典型句型转换 祈使句+and/or +陈述句与其他句式的转换。 105 1. One more word and I'll turn you out of the room. Say one more word and I'll turn you out of the room. If you say one more word, I'll turn you out of the room. Saying one more word, I'll turn you out of the room. 2. Start out right now or/otherwise you will miss the first train. If you don't/Unless you start right now, you will miss the first train。 （三）实用段落欣赏 写作中根据需要间或使用少量祈使句，不仅有助于文章句子形式多 样化，而且也可以增强文章内容的感染力。 以下是肯尼迪就职演说中的一些片段： So let us begin anew, remembering on both sides that civility is not a sign of weakness, and sincerity is always subject to proof. Let us never negotiate out of fear, but let us never fear to negotiate. 二、话题作文演练---（名人）轶事（Anecdote） Key words： amuse(ment)，laughter, entertain(ment), giggle, anecdote, joke, fun, funny, fright(en）, puzzle, confuse, surprise, amaze, astonish, shock, embarrass, delight , pleasure, joy, worry, concern, anxious, eager, hurry, immediately, (dis)comfort, absent-minded （一）短语翻译 1.使...吃惊/高兴的是_________ 2.禁不住大笑______________ 3.取笑... ___________________ 4.以...为乐 ______________ 5.担心 _________________ 6. 镇定下来_______________ 7.意识到 _________________ 8.而不是 _______________ 9.抬头看 _________________ 10.迫不急待 ______________ （二）经典句子展示 1. Immediately I came into the classroom, eager to share my knowledge with them, I looked up only to find the students excited and confused. 2. Angry as I was, I didn't blame him. 3. I can't wait to tell you an interesting experience that happened on my first day at school. 4. I was walking along the street when I caught sight of a car running into an old man. 106 5. During my introduction, I found some students wearing a confused expression on their faces, which makes me so puzzled as to find out what it was all about. 6. How embarrassed I was at that moment! 7. Probably the worst day I have ever had was when I went to the zoo with my five-year-old nephew. 8. What surprised me most was to see some of the villagers seated on the benches at the back of our classroom. 9. In such a hurry did I leave that I didn't even say goodbye to them. （三）单元话题作文---（名人）轶事（Anecdote） 以―A personal anecdote‖为主题的英语作 文，内容要点: 1:缘由:熬夜写作业，上课睡着。 2:过程:感觉到桌子、晃动，误以为是地震， 冲出教室。 3:结果:同学晃动桌子，试图叫醒你。 4:教训:成为同学的笑柄，再也不敢上课走神 （四）高考作文链接——2009年湖南卷 假设你是某中学新老师李红，请给你的朋友张华写 一封信，告诉他你第一天上课的情况，主要内容如下： 1. 描述一件课堂上令你印象深刻的事情； 2. 介绍你处理该事的方式； 3. 谈谈你的感想。 注意： 1. 词数不少于120个； 话题作文70 话题作文71 107 I had an extremely embarrassing experience the other day. I stayed up the night and was working on my homework last night, which made me fall asleep in class the next day. All of sudden, I felt the desk shaking and I thought it was an earthquake! I burst out of the classroom and yelling, trying to warn other people. However, it turned out to be one of my classmates shaking my desk and trying to wake me up! From then on, I became a joke and I swear I will never 108 Perhaps it is because I can't wait to see you, I said softly. At this, some students smiled and said, We'll be here waiting till you come, Miss Li. At that moment, I knew we would get along with each other pretty well. So, that is my first day as a teacher. Yours, Li Hong 109 第十七章 倒装句 议论文 一、倒装句在写作中的应用 话题作文72 话题作文73 （一）知识梳理 话题作文74 观察与发现 下列8个句子，属于完全倒装的有_________________; 属于部分倒装的是_______________. 1. Did you know the importance of your 5 yuan? 2. In came a teacher with some books in his hand. 3. Only after he finishes his homework is he allowed to play outside. 4. Young as she is, she is quite experienced in the work. 5. On the top of the hill stands an old temple. 6. Such was Albert Einstein, a simple man of great achievement. 7. May all of you succeed in the coming exams. 8. ―How is your mother feeling today?‖ asked the doctor. (二）经典句子记忆 1. He has finished his homework. So have I. 110 2. Never have I eaten such nice food before. 3. Now comes your turn to sing. 4. Hard as he worked, he boss wasn‘t satisfied with him. 5. Not only can he speak English, but also he can speak French and German. 6. Not until I began to work did I realize how much time I had wasted. 7. There are four seasons in a year. 8. There goes the bell for break. 9. He doesn‘t like watching TV, but listens to the radio a lot. So it is with his wife. 10. When autumn comes, down fall the yellow leaves. 11. Seldom does he visit his parents. 12. Only then did he realize his mistake. 13. Child as he is, he is knowledgeable. （三）实用语段欣赏 Computer has been used widely in varies fields, including education. There are multi-media and computers in our classroom. We use it to study everyday for it makes classes more fun. As a result, not only is teachers‘ energy saved, but students became more interested in the lessons. 二、话题作文演练 —— 议论文 （a discursive essay） 解决方法型议论文也称解决问题题型。要求考生列决出解决问题的多种途径。基本结构是： 1. 问题现状和严重性 2. 怎样解决（不同解决方案的优点缺点） 3. 我对解决该问题很有信心。 （一）Key words and expressions 最近_________ 现在_________ 争论_________ 引起__________ 谚语__________ 格言__________ 得出结论_________ 讨论_________ 分析_________ 影响__________ 多数__________ 如下__________ 111 注意__________ (二）经典句子展示 1. It goes without saying that … 2. It has to be noticed that… 3. it‘s hardly too much to say that… 4. But it‘s a pity that… 5. However, the difficult lies in… 6. Similarly, we should pay attention to… 需求__________ 7. Therefore, we have the reason to believe that… 8. Here one more example. 9. This offers a typical instance of… 10. There are several reasons for…, but in general, they come down to three major ones. 11. There are many factors that may account for…, but the following are the most typical ones. 12. Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may most effective. 话题补充：试着翻译下列句子： A. 如何地道表达批评性的意见： The danger is past, and God if forgotten. We shouldn‘t cut down the tree that gives you shade. Nothing can excuse such irresponsible behavior. Too much work is no excuse for not studying. It‘s wrong to muddle with your work. It is foolish to put the cart before the horse. We shouldn‘t shift the responsibility on others. Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored. If we stop where we are, all our previous efforts will be wasted. B. 提倡个人品德： Virtue is the beauty of the mind. Handsome is that hand does. 112 Success and happiness come from developing character. Well-being arises from well –doing. (三)单元作文设计(参考模板) In recent years, we have to face a problem that ___________ (某种问题), which is becoming more and more____________(问题现状). As we all know, it is important for us _____________(解决问题的重要性). We should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, _____________(解决方法一). For another, ____________(解决方法二). Finally, ____________(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that __________(我的解决方法). Consequently, I‘m confident that _____________(对解决该问题很有信心). 模板范文鉴赏： In recent year, we have to face a problem that many students have poor eyesight. The situation is becoming more and more serious. As we all know, it is important for everyone to keep good eyesight. We should take a series of effective measures to cope with the problem. For one thing, don‘t keep your eyes working for a long time. You‘d better have a rest after you have studied for an hour or so. For another, take good care of your eyes. Don‘t read in the san or in very poor light condition. Don‘t read in bed or on a moving bus. Finally, do eye exercises every day. It will also help you keep good eyesight. Personally, I believe only if you obey the rule above can you prevents your eyesight form becoming shout-sighted. Consequently, I‘m confident that a bright future is waiting for us. (四)高考链接(2011年浙江卷) 假设你是高中生李越，有感于校园中存在的随意涂写（to scribble）和乱丢垃圾（to litter）的行为，请用英语给校长写一封100-120个词的信。信中应包括以下内容： 1.说明写信目的； 2.对这些行为进行批评； 3.提出建议 注意：信的抬头、落款及信的第一句已给出（不计词数）。 113 June 8, 2011 Dear Headmaster, I'm Li Yue, a student from Class 1, SeniorⅡ. Your faithfully, Li Yue 参考答案 （二）words and expressions： 1. recently 2. nowadays 7. conclude 3. argument 4. arouse 5. saying 6. proverb 11. majority 8. discussion 9. analysis 10.influentce 14. in demand 12. as follow 13. pay attention key to话题补充：试着翻译下列句子： A. 如何地道表达批评性的意见： 好了伤疤忘了疼。（过河拆桥。） 我们不要忘恩负义。 这种不负责任的行为不可原谅。 工作太忙不能成为不学习的借口。 敷衍了事是错误的。 本末倒置是愚蠢的。 我们不应该把责任推给别人。 事实 不会因为人们对它们熟视无睹而不复存在。 如果就此止步，就会前功尽弃。 B. 提倡各人品德： 1. 美德乃心灵之美。 2. 行为美者，其貌亦美。 114 3. 成功和幸福来自品德的修养。 4. 幸福来自善行。 June 8, 2011标答 Dear Mr. Headmaster, I am Li Yue, a student from Class 1, Senior II. I am writing to draw your attention to some improper behaviour among us students: littering and scribbling. It makes our school dirty and unpleasant, and does hard to the image of our school. I always feel ashamed whenever I see this. It is clearly not appropriate for a student to litter and scribble about. I wonder if the school could place more dustbins around and set up specific rules against such behaviour. At the same time, students should be encouraged to develop good habits and better behave themselves. I believe that, with the joint efforts of both teachers and students, our school will become a more enjoyable place in the near future. Thank you for your consideration. Yours faithfully, Li Yue (高分23/25) Dear Mr. Headmaster, I am Li Yue, a student from Class 1, Senior II. I‘m writing to tell you that the phenomenon of scribbling and littering cannot be any worse, which is indeed a humiliation to our school. Those committing such immoral things should not only be criticized but also be punished. There is no doubt that urgent measures should be taken. Personally, first, all of us should be educated so that the awareness of protecting environment can be promoted. In fact, it‘s the ignorance of the education about environmental protection that is the root of the phenomenon. Second, more importance should be attached to carrying civic virtue forward. It‘s abnormal to just put study in the first place but turn a blind eye to developing healthy individual personality. Above all, a good balance should be achieved between them. Last but not least, why not set up slogans or hold activities to encourage good behavior? It can be a reminder that uncivilized behavior is shameful. Yours faithfully, Li Yue 115 116 第十八章 名词性从句 环境保护 一、名词性从句在写作中的运用 话题作文75 （一） 典型句子记忆 1. It is a pity /shame that I can‘t take part in your birthday party. 2. It is reported/said /believed/ broadcast/…that 30 people were /got seriously injured in the traffic accident. 3. What excites us most is that we got the first place in the mid-term exam. 4．It doesn‘t matter/is no matter /makes no difference whether we‘ll go on a picnic. 5. It is obvious /clear /hopeful /…that we can do something to fight against pollution. 6. It remains to be seen/keeps unknown whether we can solve the problem. 7. Whoever (Anyone who) breaks the law/ Those who breaks the law should be punished. 8 Air is to us what water is to fish. What air is to us what water is to fish? 9. The reason why I am sad is that I failed in the exam. 10. He thinks /believes /considers/finds/… it his duty that he helps the students with their English. 11. I would appreciate it if you could write me back soon. 12. He holds the view that the problem should be discussed. 13. Word came that laws had been made to ban smoking. 117 14. I‘ve got no idea what it is that (what on earth / in the world /ever) makes the environment so badly polluted. （二）典型句式转换 1. It is well known to us all that paper was invented in China 2. What is well known to us all is that paper was invented in China. 3. As is well known, paper was invented in China. （三）实用语段欣赏 On October 11, 2012, what excited the Chinese most was that Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize for literature. The reason why we were so happy was that he was the first Chinese writer to win the prize. Recently, his books have been sold out, among which The Frog is the most popular. Affected by Mo Yan, more and more people start to get interested in reading and writing. As a middle school student, I think that we should read more books to increase our knowledge. 二、话题作文演练 —— 环保 （Environmental protection） （一）Ideas about environmental protection （1）protect our environment （2）prevent pollution （3）Save resources （二）典型用语翻译： Group one: protect our environment 1.全球的关注____________ 3.环境的破坏___________ 5.提高..的意识___________ 7.呼吁某人做某事 ___________ 9.努力做某事 ___________ 11.改善目前的状况_________ 13.伤害/损害_________ 16.承担做某事的责任_________ 18.保护环境_________ 20.释放有毒气体_________ 22.对…有害 _________ 118 （4）Wildlife protection野生动植物保护 2.越来越糟 _____________ 4.改善环境刻不容缓___________ 6.承担保护环境的责任__________ 8.时间不等人__________ 10. 采取行动/措施去_________ 12.关注_________ 14.不惜任何代价_________ 17.以牺牲..作为代价_________ 19.环境污染 _________ 21.受到严重污染_________ 23.(不)注意环保__________ 24.灭绝 __________ 26.把垃圾分类_________ 28.受益良多 _________ Group two: prevent pollution 1.意识到_________ 3.空气/水/土污染_________ 5.控制污染____________ 7.排污___________ 9.与污染做斗争__________ 11.全球气候变暖__________ 25.多植树________ 27.回收垃圾_________ 29.保持生态平衡 _________ 2.太污染了以至无法使用__________ 4.污染严重___________ 6.在….方面给某人施压_________ 8.确保减少污染源___________ 10.减碳排放____________ 12.人为____________ 13.不要随地扔垃圾/吐痰__________14.禁止滥用塑料袋________ 15.禁止在公共场合抽烟__________ 16.改善我们的生活环________ 17.阻止某人做某事_________ 19.工业革命_________ Group three: Save resources 1.自然资源的过度使用_______ 3.节约珍惜我们的资源_________ 5.分类垃圾_________ 2.循环利用自然资源____ 4.没能做某事_________ 6.合理地处理垃圾 _________ 8.保护生态_________ 10.环保_________ 12.骑单车上班_________ 14.能源的消耗_________ 16.环保产品_________ 18.随着人口的增长_________ 20.照顾好我们的森林/耕地_________ 18.减少使用一次性包装袋/容器/筷子_______ 20.工厂排出的有害化学品_________ 7.循环利用书和垃圾_________ 9.节约能源/水_________ 11.被…毁掉_________ 13.开发可再生资源_________ 15.可持续发展_________ 17.环保地________ 19.合理地利用水资源_________ Group four: wildlife protection 1.灭绝 _________ 3.在野外_________ 5.濒临灭绝的物种________ 2.濒临灭绝_________ 4.导致人类的灭亡_________ 6.适应在某个环境中生存_________ 8.影响/保持自然生态的平衡_________ 119 7.….的目的是做某事_________ 9.因为 _________ 10.结果_________ （三）经典句子展示 1.政府已经开始注意这个问题。 The government has begun to pay attention to the problem. 为了保护环境，政府已经通过一些法规来阻止人们乱扔垃圾。 To protect the environment, the government has passed laws to prevent people from throwing rubbish everywhere 我们应该尽全力来处理污染问题，维护我们的环境。 We should do our best to take care of the environment and pollution 很多野生动植物已经死光，有一些正濒临灭绝，所以很难保持大自然平衡。 Many wildlife have died out and some are in danger/ become endangered, so it‘s hard to keep the balance of nature. 5.既然自然平衡已经遭受破坏，讨论谁是谁非已经没有必要。 Now that the nature balance has been broken, it won‘t be necessary for us to discuss whose fault it is. 6.你就是阻止黄河水土流失起最重要作用的人。 It is you who have the most important role to play in stopping Yellow River erosion. 7.难道还不该保护环境吗？ Isn‘t it high time that we should protect/ protected the environment? (四)单元作文设计(请将下列段落译成英语 话题作文76 话题作文77 ) 今天，我想谈论有关污染和过度捕鱼的问题，最近，它们已成了大问题，究其原因， 120 较好的技术有助于人们比以前捕捉更多鱼，而且，工农业废物是污染的主要原因，所以。最佳减轻污染的方式是惩罚哪些违法的人，而且，在最严重的地区，我建议政府禁止捕鱼。最后，我希望我的建议会发挥作用。 （五）高考链接(2008年安徽卷 话题作文78 ) 假定你是李华，David 是你的美国笔友。他对中国鼓励使用环保购物袋很感兴趣，来信向你询问此事。请你给他写封回信。主要内容如下： ◇ 感谢他的关注。◇ 简要介绍相关情况。◇ 谈谈你的感想。 注意： 1. 词数100左右，信的格式已为你写好。 2. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3. 参考词汇：环保购物袋—environment-friendly shopping bag; 关注—concern. 121 17. at the cost/ expense of our environment 18. protect the environment 19. environmental pollution 20. give off/release poisonous gas 21. be seriously polluted 22. do harm to / be harmful to 23. pay (no) attention to 24. die out 25. plant more trees 122 26. sort the rubbish 27. recycle the rubbish 28. benefit a lot 29. keep the balance of nature Group two: prevent pollution 1. come to realize /be aware of/ come to the understanding that 2. be too polluted to be used 4. be seriously polluted 3.air/water/soil pollution 5.control pollution/ pollution control 7.pollution emissions 9.fight against pollution 11.global warming 13.don‘t litter/ spit everywhere 15.ban smoking in public 17. stop/keep./prevent/protect sb from doing 6. press sb hard on 8. ensure the reduction of pollutants 10.cut/reduce carbon 12. human activity 14. ban the abuse of plastic bags 16. improve our living conditions 18. reduce the use of single serving packages/ containers/ chopsticks 19. industrial revolution 20.harmful chemicals released from factories Group three: Save resources 1.The overuse of natural resources 2. recycle natural resources 4. fail to do sth 6. deal with rubbish properly 8. protect the ecology 10. go green 12. ride bicycles to work 14. energy consumption 16. eco-friendly products 3. save and treasure our resources 5. sort rubbish 7. recycle books/ trash 9. save energy/ water 11. be ruined with sth 13. develop renewable resources 15. sustainable development 17. in an environmentally friendly way 18. with the increase of pollution 19. make proper use of water resources 20. take good care of our forests/ farmland Group four: wildlife protection 123 1. disappear /die out /become extinct /be driven to extinction /be wiped out / 2. be threatened with complete extinction/be close to extinction /at a high risk of extinction/ on 3. the edge of extinction/ on the brink of extinction in the wild 4. lead to the extinction of the human race 5. endangered species 7.be in danger of 6. be adapted to living in specific environments 7. The purpose of sth is to do sth./ aim to do/ aim at doing 8. result from 9. result in （四）单元作文设计 Today, I‘d love to talk about pollution and over fishing. Recently, they have become big problems. As for the causes, better technology helps people catch more fish than before. What‘s more, industrial and cultural waste are the main cause of pollution . So, the best way to reduce pollution is to punish those who broke the law. In addition, in the worst area, I suggest that government should ban fishing. Finally, I hope that all my suggestions could work. （五）高考链接(2008年安徽卷) One possible version Dear David, I‘m glad that you‘ve noticed our efforts directed towards environmental protection. Thank you for your concern. As too much use of plastic bags has caused serious white pollution, our government encourages us to use environment-friendly shopping bags. These bags are made of a variety of materials that can be easily treated when they become rubbish. Besides, they can be reused. More and more people in China have realized the advantages of such bags and started using them. I believe that the wide use of these shopping bags can greatly improve our environment. This is one of the many steps we are to make our country an even cleaner place. Yours,
March 16, 2021, 6:24 p.m.